How to recover your corrupt or deleted Bitcoin Core wallet ...
How to recover your corrupt or deleted Bitcoin Core wallet ...
How to recover a lost Bitcoin wallet.dat password with non ...
bitcoin-wallet/README.recover.md at master · bitcoin ...
Lost Bitcoin? How to Restore Your Bitcoin Wallet - Bitcoin ...
Bitcoin Wallet Recovery Service
Gridcoin 22.214.171.124-Mandatory "Fern" Release
https://github.com/gridcoin-community/Gridcoin-Research/releases/tag/126.96.36.199 Finally! After over ten months of development and testing, "Fern" has arrived! This is a whopper. 240 pull requests merged. Essentially a complete rewrite that was started with the scraper (the "neural net" rewrite) in "Denise" has now been completed. Practically the ENTIRE Gridcoin specific codebase resting on top of the vanilla Bitcoin/Peercoin/Blackcoin vanilla PoS code has been rewritten. This removes the team requirement at last (see below), although there are many other important improvements besides that. Fern was a monumental undertaking. We had to encode all of the old rules active for the v10 block protocol in new code and ensure that the new code was 100% compatible. This had to be done in such a way as to clear out all of the old spaghetti and ring-fence it with tightly controlled class implementations. We then wrote an entirely new, simplified ruleset for research rewards and reengineered contracts (which includes beacon management, polls, and voting) using properly classed code. The fundamentals of Gridcoin with this release are now on a very sound and maintainable footing, and the developers believe the codebase as updated here will serve as the fundamental basis for Gridcoin's future roadmap. We have been testing this for MONTHS on testnet in various stages. The v10 (legacy) compatibility code has been running on testnet continuously as it was developed to ensure compatibility with existing nodes. During the last few months, we have done two private testnet forks and then the full public testnet testing for v11 code (the new protocol which is what Fern implements). The developers have also been running non-staking "sentinel" nodes on mainnet with this code to verify that the consensus rules are problem-free for the legacy compatibility code on the broader mainnet. We believe this amount of testing is going to result in a smooth rollout. Given the amount of changes in Fern, I am presenting TWO changelogs below. One is high level, which summarizes the most significant changes in the protocol. The second changelog is the detailed one in the usual format, and gives you an inkling of the size of this release.
Note that the protocol changes will not become active until we cross the hard-fork transition height to v11, which has been set at 2053000. Given current average block spacing, this should happen around October 4, about one month from now. Note that to get all of the beacons in the network on the new protocol, we are requiring ALL beacons to be validated. A two week (14 day) grace period is provided by the code, starting at the time of the transition height, for people currently holding a beacon to validate the beacon and prevent it from expiring. That means that EVERY CRUNCHER must advertise and validate their beacon AFTER the v11 transition (around Oct 4th) and BEFORE October 18th (or more precisely, 14 days from the actual date of the v11 transition). If you do not advertise and validate your beacon by this time, your beacon will expire and you will stop earning research rewards until you advertise and validate a new beacon. This process has been made much easier by a brand new beacon "wizard" that helps manage beacon advertisements and renewals. Once a beacon has been validated and is a v11 protocol beacon, the normal 180 day expiration rules apply. Note, however, that the 180 day expiration on research rewards has been removed with the Fern update. This means that while your beacon might expire after 180 days, your earned research rewards will be retained and can be claimed by advertising a beacon with the same CPID and going through the validation process again. In other words, you do not lose any earned research rewards if you do not stake a block within 180 days and keep your beacon up-to-date. The transition height is also when the team requirement will be relaxed for the network.
Besides the beacon wizard, there are a number of improvements to the GUI, including new UI transaction types (and icons) for staking the superblock, sidestake sends, beacon advertisement, voting, poll creation, and transactions with a message. The main screen has been revamped with a better summary section, and better status icons. Several changes under the hood have improved GUI performance. And finally, the diagnostics have been revamped.
The wallet sync speed has been DRASTICALLY improved. A decent machine with a good network connection should be able to sync the entire mainnet blockchain in less than 4 hours. A fast machine with a really fast network connection and a good SSD can do it in about 2.5 hours. One of our goals was to reduce or eliminate the reliance on snapshots for mainnet, and I think we have accomplished that goal with the new sync speed. We have also streamlined the in-memory structures for the blockchain which shaves some memory use. There are so many goodies here it is hard to summarize them all. I would like to thank all of the contributors to this release, but especially thank @cyrossignol, whose incredible contributions formed the backbone of this release. I would also like to pay special thanks to @barton2526, @caraka, and @Quezacoatl1, who tirelessly helped during the testing and polishing phase on testnet with testing and repeated builds for all architectures. The developers are proud to present this release to the community and we believe this represents the starting point for a true renaissance for Gridcoin!
Most significantly, nodes calculate research rewards directly from the magnitudes in EACH superblock between stakes instead of using a two- or three- point average based on a CPID's current magnitude and the magnitude for the CPID when it last staked. For those long-timers in the community, this has been referred to as "Superblock Windows," and was first done in proof-of-concept form by @denravonska.
Network magnitude unit pinned to a static value of 0.25
Max research reward allowed per block raised to 16384 GRC (from 12750 GRC)
New CPIDs begin accruing research rewards from the first superblock that contains the CPID instead of from the time of the beacon advertisement
500 GRC research reward limit for a CPID's first stake
6-month expiration for unclaimed rewards
10-block spacing requirement between research reward claims
Rolling 5-day payment-per-day limit
Legacy tolerances for floating-point error and time drift
The need to include a valid copy of a CPID's magnitude in a claim
10-block emission adjustment interval for the magnitude unit
One-time beacon activation requires that participants temporarily change their usernames to a verification code at one whitelisted BOINC project
Verification codes of pending beacons expire after 3 days
Self-service beacon removal
Burn fee for beacon advertisement increased from 0.00001 GRC to 0.5 GRC
Rain addresses derived from beacon keys instead of a default wallet address
Beacon expiration determined as of the current block instead of the previous block
The ability for developers to remove beacons
The ability to sign research reward claims with non-current but unexpired beacons
As a reminder:
Beacons expire after 6 months pass (180 days)
Beacons can be renewed after 5 months pass (150 days)
Renewed beacons must be signed with the same key as the original beacon
Magnitudes less than 1 include two fractional places
Magnitudes greater than or equal to 1 but less than 10 include one fractional place
A valid superblock must match a scraper convergence
Superblock popularity election mechanics
Yes/no/abstain and single-choice response types (no user-facing support yet)
To create a poll, a maximum of 250 UTXOs for a single address must add up to 100000 GRC. These are selected from the largest downwards.
Burn fee for creating polls scaled by the number of UTXOs claimed
50 GRC for a poll contract
0.001 GRC per claimed UTXO
Burn fee for casting votes scaled by the number of UTXOs claimed
0.01 GRC for a vote contract
0.01 GRC to claim magnitude
0.01 GRC per claimed address
0.001 GRC per claimed UTXO
Maximum length of a poll title: 80 characters
Maximum length of a poll question: 100 characters
Maximum length of a poll discussion website URL: 100 characters
Maximum number of poll choices: 20
Maximum length of a poll choice label: 100 characters
Magnitude, CPID count, and participant count poll weight types
The ability for developers to remove polls and votes
[188.8.131.52] 2020-09-03, mandatory, "Fern"
Backport newer uint256 types from Bitcoin #1570 (@cyrossignol)
Implement project level rain for rainbymagnitude #1580 (@jamescowens)
Upgrade utilities (Update checker and snapshot downloadeapplication) #1576 (@iFoggz)
Provide fees collected in the block by the miner #1601 (@iFoggz)
Add support for generating legacy superblocks from scraper stats #1603 (@cyrossignol)
Port of the Bitcoin Logger to Gridcoin #1600 (@jamescowens)
Implement zapwallettxes #1605 (@jamescowens)
Implements a global event filter to suppress help question mark #1609 (@jamescowens)
Add next target difficulty to RPC output #1615 (@cyrossignol)
Add caching for block hashes to CBlock #1624 (@cyrossignol)
Make toolbars and tray icon red for testnet #1637 (@jamescowens)
Add an rpc call convergencereport #1643 (@jamescowens)
Implement newline filter on config file read in #1645 (@jamescowens)
Implement beacon status icon/button #1646 (@jamescowens)
Add gridcointestnet.png #1649 (@caraka)
Add precision to support magnitudes less than 1 #1651 (@cyrossignol)
Replace research accrual calculations with superblock snapshots #1657 (@cyrossignol)
Publish example gridcoinresearch.conf as a md document to the doc directory #1662 (@jamescowens)
Add options checkbox to disable transaction notifications #1666 (@jamescowens)
Add support for self-service beacon deletion #1695 (@cyrossignol)
Add support for type-specific contract fee amounts #1698 (@cyrossignol)
Add verifiedbeaconreport and pendingbeaconreport #1696 (@jamescowens)
Add preliminary testing option for block v11 height on testnet #1706 (@cyrossignol)
Add verified beacons manifest part to superblock validator #1711 (@cyrossignol)
Implement beacon, vote, and superblock display categories/icons in UI transaction model #1717 (@jamescowens)
Splitting BCH/BSV still possible today for version 1.9.3?
Today I do have still a large amount unsplit BCH/BSV in one address in my trezor wallet. I didn't split it at the time shortly after the hardfork BCH/BSV dating 15 November 2018 because I was at that time too busy with other things. I thought it would be save if I just didn't thouch it. The address has remained untouched since February 2018. Today I want to recover the BSV because I want to cash out and exchange the BSV for some other coin and because of the coming fork for BCH in November 2020 not to complicate things further. In meantime, I have updated my Trezor One wallet to version 1.9.3 . I didn't yet update the address mentioned in orange " Bitcoin Cash changed the format of addresses to cashaddr" and "use this external tool to convert legacy addresses to the new format." with the external site in the Trezor wallet. This because I knew I hadn't yet split the BCH/BSV. I honestly don't know what the best solution is for recovering my BSV. It's an amount too big to ignore. https://wiki.trezor.io/How_to_split_and_send_your_Bitcoin_Cash_forks Does this way of splitting still work with installed version 1.9.3 of Trezor One wallet? This knowing that: - The Trezor wallet is displaying another amount of BCH than the address on the blockchain (99771 satoshis difference or 99771 satoshis more on the Trezor One wallet than on the on the address on the blockchain. For me an amount I'm prepared to lose because that's not the big amount I want to recover). This probably comes from 2 small test transactions. Anyway, the amount is different on the blockchain address (where the big amount unsplit BCH/BSV is parked) compared to the Trezor wallet. - The Trezor One wallet is displaying the new BCH cashaddr which is not including the BSV Problem: The BCH and BSV is still in an old BCH address. Trezor has in meantime updated to version so that the new BCH address is mentioned in my Trezor wallet. The new address (cashaddr) doesn't consist anymore the BSV. That BSV is still in the untouched old BCH address. Questions: How can I find the private key of the old BCH address in my Trezor? Can I still send the unsplitt BCH/BSV from the old BCH address to a new BCH address (cashaddr) with my Trezor, even when Trezor is in version 1.9.3 displaying the new address which is not consisting the unsplit BCH/BSV? Or do I have to send the unsplitt BCH/BSV from the old address with the recovered private key from an other alternative wallet? Can I send first a small amount of unsplit BCH/BSV for a test without the risk of a replay attack or lose funds in the originating address? Possible solutions:
I send the money to an exchange (CoinEx) where they are willing to split it in case the coins arrive unsplit. This supposing the problems and situation mentioned before are solved or are not cause for a loss of funds.
Please let me know what the best and easiest solution is without losing my coins. I'm a non tech guy.
ALL of my stored cryptocurrency has been STOLEN from my Ledger Nano S!
Hey everyone... I recently logged into my account in Ledger Live expecting to see a great increase with the price of Bitcoin moving up. Instead of seeing what I expected to be about $13,000.00 worth of Bitcoin, Ethereum, Bitcoin Cash, and Ethereum Classic, I see $0.00 balance on everything! I am absolutely blown away, saddened, and disappointed. I purchased the Nano S over two years ago BECAUSE of security. Now, it seems I have lost literally everything, and there is no phone number to contact this company, only through emails, which they have not responded to. I can clearly see all of the funds from every crypto I was holding were sent out to different addresess which have now all been confirmed on the blockchain. Does anyone here have any ideas at all as to what could have happened, or what I can do here? The only way I know of, that the funds can be accessed, is with the 24 word recovery phrase, and that has been written down on the card, by me 3 years ago, and been kept safely in a burn safe box all this time. So how in the world does something like this happen!? I heard about their data breach, and leaking customers info a couple weeks ago and I am wondering if somehow, someway, that access was gained to my wallet with info that was exposed? Can somebody help me here, or has this happened to anyone else in the last few days? Thanks. UPDATE: Okay, after reading through all these comments, and everybody saying I must have entered my passphrase on my computer or phone at some point, you guys are right. I forgot, that 3 years ago, when I purchased the Ledger, I wrote down the recovery phrase, and it's been in the burn safe since. BUT, I also, can't believe I'm saying this, but I did enter it into my phone, and sent it to my own email address, where it has been ever since, I guess thinking if I ever lost the paper with the 24 word phrase, or it was stolen, I would have it there, so I could recover my assets. Well, I guess that means somebody else can recover my assets too. :( This IS MY FAULT, and I take full blame for it. I guess I just never thought, without somebody having access to my e-mail that anyone would ever possibly be able to get access to it. It's just so weird, that it's been 3 years, and the assets were just now stolen. I've had close to that amount in there for a couple years now. Again, I thank you for your help and research, i'm to blame here. $13,000 lesson learned. NEVER INPUT YOUR RECOVERY PHRASE INTO DIGITAL FORMAT. Still wish there was something that could be done, but I know once it's gone, it's gone in crypto. Such a shame now that it looks like Bitcoin is beginning it's bull run.
Help required with recovery of BTCs. I'm willing to pay for help
A friend gave me his PC to rebuild. He knew I was into Bitcoins, and told me to recover the wallet from the SSD before formatting it. Upon inspection, I found the SSD was formatted and had nothing on it. So I ran EaseUS data recovery, and recovered the entire drive. This was 2 years back, and I had no idea what I was looking for, because I never mined BTCs to begin with. His PC was with a GTX 900 series GPU, and he mentioned he setup mining for an entire night. Now I'm guessing he could have mined 2 blocks. This is purely my assumption. I have the data from the SSD, but what should I be looking for? There is no wallet.dat file. There are recovered files with jumbled filenames. How big should the wallet file be? Is there any other file I should be looking for? P.S I know of another friend, who mined approximately 10,000 BTCs, and kept the PC aside, after 2 years he sold the PC, and in 2017 when price went up to 18K, he desperately tried to trace the PC, but it was lost. Oh well. Edit: He started mining in 2011 for 1 night
According to Analyst Ethereum could face a short crash
Bitcoin's little brother Ethereum has been surprisingly stable in recent weeks. In the opinion of a crypto expert, however, this could soon be over. Since the price slump in March caused by the corona panic, Ethereum has so far recovered well. Although the cryptocurrency is still far from the 52-week high that it reached in July 2019, the cyber device is still on the up. In the past few weeks, internet money has shown surprisingly little volatility and only fluctuated within very narrow ranges.
Chart technique indicates Ethereum price decline
However, crypto expert Edward Morra recently warned on Twitter that the sideways movement could soon be over. Morra uses an Ethereum chart to explain this, which he believes shows the formation of a "Chuvashov fork". According to him, the Ethereum price could drop to around $ 175 if this fork broke and the Ethereum price fell below the $ 220 mark. That would correspond to a slump of around 30 percent compared to the current price. For this reason, the Ethereum expert advises put options to minimize the risk. This is also recommended as these are currently very cheap.
Active Ethereum wallets at two-year high
But even if the Ethereum course could go downhill in the short term, the acceptance of cyberdevise seems to continue to increase. As data from the blockchain analysis portal Glassnode, which are available from BTC Echo, show, the number of active Etherum wallets has only recently reached its highest level in two years. It is also interesting to see that the number of active Ethereum addresses correlates less and less with the price of an Ethereum. Glassnode data show that the number of active wallets has increased significantly since the beginning of the year, whereas the Ethereum price remained within narrow ranges.
More scalability is urgently needed
However, as BTC Echo points out, the upcoming Hard Fork Ethereum from the proof-of-work process to the proof-of-stake process could prove to be vital for the cyber device. This is the only way to achieve the necessary scalability that would help Ethereum to remain relevant to the "decentralized financial system" (DeFi). After all, there are already other cryptocurrencies that would rely on a mechanism without a miner from the start and would already be efficient enough to be used on the DeFi platform. Cardano is a prime example of such a cyber device. Cardano has only recently seen a rapid upturn and is currently in seventh place in terms of market capitalization among e-currencies. The future of Ethereum also depends on the extent to which the cryptocurrency continues to develop in order to keep up with the progress in the crypto market.
You may not know me, and you are probably wondering why you are getting this email, right? I'm a Hacker who cracked your devices. I setup a malware on the adult video (porn) website and guess what, you visited this site to have fun (you know what I mean). While you were watching videos, your internet browser started out functioning as a "HRDP" – Hidden Remote Desktop Protocol having a keylogger which gave me accessibility to your screen and webcam. After that, my software program obtained all your contacts and files. You entered a password on the websites you visited, and I intercepted it. Of course, you can change it, or already changed it. But it doesn't matter, my malware updated it every time. What did I do? I generated a backup of your every system (private document files, video, photos, all files). I created a double-screen video. 1st part shows the video you were watching (you've got a good taste ha ha . . .), and 2nd part shows the recording of your webcam. Do not try to find and destroy my virus! (All your data is already uploaded to a remote server) Do not try to contact me. Various security services will not help you; formatting a disk or destroying a device will not help either, since your data is already on a remote server. I guarantee you that I will not disturb you again after payment, as you are not my single victim. This is a hacker code of honor. Don't be mad at me, everyone has their own work. exactly what should you do? Well, in my opinion, $ 500 (USD) Dollars is a fair price for our little secret. You'll make the payment by Bitcoin (search "Bitcoin Wallet" in Application Store then Download & Install) Make a deposit to your wallet. After that, transfer it to my wallet. My Bitcoin (BTC) wallet address: 👉 1HMsu3Dg3ocegPN2psqQtnsgZESeHVuxmN 👈 (It is case sensitive, Bitcoin wallet address Beginning with 1 and Ending with N) Important: You have 2 days in order to make the payment. (I've a Facebook pixel in this mail, and at this moment I know that you have read through this email message). To track the reading of a message and the actions in it, I use the Facebook pixel. Thanks to them. (Everything that is used for the authorities can help us.) If I do not get the Bitcoin, I will certainly send out your video recording to all your contacts including relatives, coworkers and all contacts. Having said that, if I receive the payment, I'll destroy the video immediately. If you need evidence, reply with "Yes" and I will certainly send out your video recording to your 6 contacts. It is a non-negotiable offer, don't waste my personal time and yours by responding to this message. Public Hacker Announcement Google 1 Stop reading news & watching videos about Coronavirus Content and forget it do your life like it never happened. 2 If your family or friends already infected by Coronavirus just do 3 step at point 3,4,5. 3 The first day, Give infected victim every day to drink Mineral water 3 Liters '80 degrees Celsius' minimal then Inject/Hypnotherapy "exploit his mind so he believes" Put suggestion to infected victim and talk to him the water is antibiotic and if they drink it in 3 day they will recover without question (3 Days Guaranteed). 4 The second day, Exploit his mind again "Hypnotherapy" ... and tell to him, Looks like your condition is getting better and take him to the field or the yard to do gymnastics. 5 The third day, Exploit his mind again "Hypnotherapy" ... and tell to him, Day by day your condition is getting better and it seems like next weekend you can go home. At this point we have a benchmark of 7 days, so we will do or repeat the activity at point 3-4, which is drinking 3 Liters '80 degrees Celsius' of mineral water and gymnastics every day. Remember "STOP PUT SAD FACE, ALWAY USE FRESH AND SMILE FACE TO DO POINT 3-4". NOTE: If you do all from that 5 Steps you're free from Coronavirus because virus need to bypass human antivirus "BRAINPOWER" and if virus can't bypass it the virus cannot continue to spread or inject other payload to next human system ( you know right human have billions system very small), Also that at Point 1 if you do it you can break your BRAINPOWER. General public hacker information
PSA: Guide on how to recover your lost Segwit coins using Electron Cash
How to get your recovered SegWit funds using Electron Cash
Thousands of BCH on thousands of coins that were accidentally send to Segwit 3xxx addresses were recovered by BTC.TOP in block 582705. This was a wonderful service to the community. This had to be done quickly as the coins were anyone can spend and needed to be sent somewhere. This all had to be done before thieves could get their dirty paws on them. So.. How were they recovered? Did BTC.TOP just take the coins for themselves? NO: They were not taken by BTC.TOP. This would be wrong (morally), and would open them up to liability and other shenanigans (legally). Instead --BTC.TOP acted quickly and did the legally responsible thing with minimal liability. They were sent on to the intended destination address of the SegWit transaction (if translated to BCH normal address). This means BTC.TOP did not steal your coins and/or does nothave custody of your funds! But this does mean you now need to figure out how to get the private key associated with where they were sent -- in order to unlock the funds. (Which will be covered below). Discussions on why this was the most responsible thing to do and why it was done this way are available upon request. Or you can search this subreddit to get to them.
Ok, so BTC.TOP doesn't have them -- who does?
You do (if they were sent to you)! Or -- the person / address they were sent to does!
The Segwit transactions have a bad/crazy/messed-up format which contains an output (destination) which contains a hash of a public key inside. So they "sort of" contain a regular bitcoin address inside of them, with other Segwit garbage around them. This hash was decoded and translated to a regular BCH address, and the funds were sent there. Again: The funds were forwarded on to a regular BCH address where they are safe. They are now guarded by a private key -- where they were not before (before they were "anyone can spend"). It can be argued this is the only reasonable thing to have done with them (legally and morally) -- continue to send them to their intended destination. This standard, if it's good enough for the US Post Office and Federal Mail, is good enough here. It's better than them being stolen.
Ok, I get it... they are on a regular BCH address now. The address of the destination of the Tx, is it?
Yes. So now a regular BCH private key (rather than anyone can spend) is needed to spend them further. Thus the Segwit destination address you sent them to initially was effectively translated to a BCH regular address. It's as if you posted a parcel with the wrong ZIP code on it -- but the USPS was nice enough to figure that out and send it to where you intended it to go.
Why do it this way and not return to sender?
Because of the ambiguity present-- it's not entirely clear which sender to return them to. There is too much ambiguity there, and would have led to many inputs not being recovered in a proper manner. More discussion on this is available upon request.
Purpose of this guide
This document explains how to:
Identify if your coins were part of the recovery
Get private key / seed / xprv for the addresses they were sent on to.
Import said addresses and private keys into Electron Cash
Complications to watch out for:
Passwords on BIP39 seeds
Multisignature addresses & wallets.
Step 1: Checking where your coins went
To verify if this recovery touched one of your lost coins: look for the transaction that spent your coins and open it on bch.btc.com explorer.
The fact that these two highlighted hexadecimal strings are the same means that the funds were forwarded to the identical public key, and can be spent by the private key (corresponding to that public key) if it is imported into a Bitcoin Cash wallet.
Multisig aka "P2SH"
If the input starts with “P2SH 220020…”, as in this example, then your segwit address is a script -- probably a multisignature. While the input says “P2SH 22002019aa2610492ee2c18605597136294596d4f0f9bc6ce0974ed3a975d65da4ca1e”, the output says “P2SH OP_HASH160 21bdc73fb15b3bb7bd1be365e92447dc2a44e662 OP_EQUAL”. These two strings actually correspond to the same script, but they are different in content and length due to segwit’s design. However, you just need to RIPEMD160 hash the first string and compare to the second -- you can check this by entering the input string (after the 220020 part) into this website’s Binary Hash field and checking the resulting RIPEMD160 hash. The resulting hash is 21bdc73fb15b3bb7bd1be365e92447dc2a44e662, which corresponds to the output hex above, and this means the coins were forwarded to the same spending script but in "non-segwit form". You will need to re-assemble the same multi-signature setup and enough private keys on a Bitcoin Cash wallet. (Sorry for the succinct explanation here. Ask in the comments for more details perhaps.)
No match -- what?!
If the string does not match (identically in the Normal case above, or after properly hashing in the Multisig case above), then your coins were sent elsewhere, possibly even taken by an anonymous miner. :'(
This is for recoveries where the input string started with “160014”.
Option 1 (BIP39 seed):
Import your BIP39 seed into Electron Cash. In the seed dialog select Options -> BIP39 and if you used an extra password, also select Options -> Custom words.
On the next page you will need to enter a derivation path:
m/49'/0'/0' is typically used for single-address P2SH-segwit wallets
If the wallet was well used and the address has a high index, you will need to use Wallet -> Scan Beyond the Gap.
Option 2 (single key):
Get your private key. If you are using Electrum on BTC, you can obtain this by right-clicking on the address, selecting ‘private key’, and you will see something like: p2wpkh-p2sh:Kwt2QPi4GYoDSdtLuQJaqiPt7aP9aMA2vpSaeECsXFkzdfLDDTvr. Remove the prefix p2wpkh-p2sh: and copy just the Kwt2...DDTvr part.
In Electron Cash, you can use Wallet -> Private Keys -> Sweep to spend these funds into a fresh Electron Cash wallet.
Alternatively, make a new wallet but select “Import Bitcoin addresses or private keys” instead of “Standard wallet”, and enter the private key there.
Option 3 (xprv -- many keys):
Your wallet may provide access to the “xprv” master private key. In Electrum you can access this by opening the Console tab (View | Console) and running getmasterprivate()
Warning: Keep this confidential as you would your wallet seed!
If the string starts with “yprv” or something else instead of “xprv”, you will need to convert it. From the Electron Cash console:
mkey = "yprvAJ48Yvx71CKa6a6P8Sk78nkSF7iqqaRob1FN7Jxsqm3L52K8XmZ7EtEzPzTUWXAaHNfN4DFAuP4cdM38yrE6j3YifV8i954hyD5rhPyUNVP" from electroncash.bitcoin import DecodeBase58Check, EncodeBase58Check EncodeBase58Check(b'\x04\x88\xad\xe4'+DecodeBase58Check(mkey)[4:])
The result will start with ‘xprv’ and have the correct checksum on the end. You can import this xprv using File -> New -> Next -> Standard Wallet -> Use public or private keys.
If the wallet was well used and the address has a high index, you will need to use Wallet -> Scan Beyond the Gap.
Option 4 (hardware wallet):
Connect your hardware wallet to Electron Cash, and consult with the hardware wallet’s documentation to find which derivation path you need to use. Note that some wallets may complain about signing transactions on unusual derivation paths.
In the worst case, you may need to import the seed you have written down, into Electron Cash. Remember though that this compromises the security of the seed, so it should only be done as a last resort.
How to Recover Multisignature wallets (P2WSH-in-P2SH in segwit parlance)
This is for recoveries where the input string started with "220020. Please read the above instructions for how to import single keys. You will need to do similar but taking care to reproduce the same set of multisignature keys as you had in the BTC wallet. Note that Electron Cash does not support single-key multisignature, so you need to use the BIP39 / xprv approach. If you don’t observe the correct address in Electron Cash, then check the list of public keys by right clicking on an address, and compare it to the list seen in your BTC wallet. Also ensure that the number of required signers is identical.
Dear Groestlers, it goes without saying that 2020 has been a difficult time for millions of people worldwide. The groestlcoin team would like to take this opportunity to wish everyone our best to everyone coping with the direct and indirect effects of COVID-19. Let it bring out the best in us all and show that collectively, we can conquer anything. The centralised banks and our national governments are facing unprecedented times with interest rates worldwide dropping to record lows in places. Rest assured that this can only strengthen the fundamentals of all decentralised cryptocurrencies and the vision that was seeded with Satoshi's Bitcoin whitepaper over 10 years ago. Despite everything that has been thrown at us this year, the show must go on and the team will still progress and advance to continue the momentum that we have developed over the past 6 years. In addition to this, we'd like to remind you all that this is Groestlcoin's 6th Birthday release! In terms of price there have been some crazy highs and lows over the years (with highs of around $2.60 and lows of $0.000077!), but in terms of value– Groestlcoin just keeps getting more valuable! In these uncertain times, one thing remains clear – Groestlcoin will keep going and keep innovating regardless. On with what has been worked on and completed over the past few months.
UPDATED - Groestlcoin Core 2.18.2
This is a major release of Groestlcoin Core with many protocol level improvements and code optimizations, featuring the technical equivalent of Bitcoin v0.18.2 but with Groestlcoin-specific patches. On a general level, most of what is new is a new 'Groestlcoin-wallet' tool which is now distributed alongside Groestlcoin Core's other executables. NOTE: The 'Account' API has been removed from this version which was typically used in some tip bots. Please ensure you check the release notes from 2.17.2 for details on replacing this functionality.
Builds are now done through Gitian
Calls to getblocktemplate will fail if the segwit rule is not specified. Calling getblocktemplate without segwit specified is almost certainly a misconfiguration since doing so results in lower rewards for the miner. Failed calls will produce an error message describing how to enable the segwit rule.
A warning is printed if an unrecognized section name is used in the configuration file. Recognized sections are [test], [main], and [regtest].
Four new options are available for configuring the maximum number of messages that ZMQ will queue in memory (the "high water mark") before dropping additional messages. The default value is 1,000, the same as was used for previous releases.
The rpcallowip option can no longer be used to automatically listen on all network interfaces. Instead, the rpcbind parameter must be used to specify the IP addresses to listen on. Listening for RPC commands over a public network connection is insecure and should be disabled, so a warning is now printed if a user selects such a configuration. If you need to expose RPC in order to use a tool like Docker, ensure you only bind RPC to your localhost, e.g. docker run [...] -p 127.0.0.1:1441:1441 (this is an extra :1441 over the normal Docker port specification).
The rpcpassword option now causes a startup error if the password set in the configuration file contains a hash character (#), as it's ambiguous whether the hash character is meant for the password or as a comment.
The whitelistforcerelay option is used to relay transactions from whitelisted peers even when not accepted to the mempool. This option now defaults to being off, so that changes in policy and disconnect/ban behavior will not cause a node that is whitelisting another to be dropped by peers.
A new short about the JSON-RPC interface describes cases where the results of anRPC might contain inconsistencies between data sourced from differentsubsystems, such as wallet state and mempool state.
A new document introduces Groestlcoin Core's BIP174 interface, which is used to allow multiple programs to collaboratively work to create, sign, and broadcast new transactions. This is useful for offline (cold storage) wallets, multisig wallets, coinjoin implementations, and many other cases where two or more programs need to interact to generate a complete transaction.
The output script descriptor (https://github.com/groestlcoin/groestlcoin/blob/mastedoc/descriptors.md) documentation has been updated with information about new features in this still-developing language for describing the output scripts that a wallet or other program wants to receive notifications for, such as which addresses it wants to know received payments. The language is currently used in multiple new and updated RPCs described in these release notes and is expected to be adapted to other RPCs and to the underlying wallet structure.
A new --disable-bip70 option may be passed to ./configure to prevent Groestlcoin-Qt from being built with support for the BIP70 payment protocol or from linking libssl. As the payment protocol has exposed Groestlcoin Core to libssl vulnerabilities in the past, builders who don't need BIP70 support are encouraged to use this option to reduce their exposure to future vulnerabilities.
The minimum required version of Qt (when building the GUI) has been increased from 5.2 to 5.5.1 (the depends system provides 5.9.7)
getnodeaddresses returns peer addresses known to this node. It may be used to find nodes to connect to without using a DNS seeder.
listwalletdir returns a list of wallets in the wallet directory (either the default wallet directory or the directory configured bythe -walletdir parameter).
getrpcinfo returns runtime details of the RPC server. Currently, it returns an array of the currently active commands and how long they've been running.
deriveaddresses returns one or more addresses corresponding to an output descriptor.
getdescriptorinfo accepts a descriptor and returns information aboutit, including its computed checksum.
joinpsbts merges multiple distinct PSBTs into a single PSBT. The multiple PSBTs must have different inputs. The resulting PSBT will contain every input and output from all the PSBTs. Any signatures provided in any of the PSBTs will be dropped.
analyzepsbt examines a PSBT and provides information about what the PSBT contains and the next steps that need to be taken in order to complete the transaction. For each input of a PSBT, analyze psbt provides information about what information is missing for that input, including whether a UTXO needs to be provided, what pubkeys still need to be provided, which scripts need to be provided, and what signatures are still needed. Every input will also list which role is needed to complete that input, and analyzepsbt will also list the next role in general needed to complete the PSBT. analyzepsbt will also provide the estimated fee rate and estimated virtual size of the completed transaction if it has enough information to do so.
utxoupdatepsbt searches the set of Unspent Transaction Outputs (UTXOs) to find the outputs being spent by the partial transaction. PSBTs need to have the UTXOs being spent to be provided because the signing algorithm requires information from the UTXO being spent. For segwit inputs, only the UTXO itself is necessary. For non-segwit outputs, the entire previous transaction is needed so that signers can be sure that they are signing the correct thing. Unfortunately, because the UTXO set only contains UTXOs and not full transactions, utxoupdatepsbt will only add the UTXO for segwit inputs.
getpeerinfo now returns an additional minfeefilter field set to the peer's BIP133 fee filter. You can use this to detect that you have peers that are willing to accept transactions below the default minimum relay fee.
The mempool RPCs, such as getrawmempool with verbose=true, now return an additional "bip125-replaceable" value indicating whether thetransaction (or its unconfirmed ancestors) opts-in to asking nodes and miners to replace it with a higher-feerate transaction spending any of the same inputs.
settxfee previously silently ignored attempts to set the fee below the allowed minimums. It now prints a warning. The special value of"0" may still be used to request the minimum value.
getaddressinfo now provides an ischange field indicating whether the wallet used the address in a change output.
importmulti has been updated to support P2WSH, P2WPKH, P2SH-P2WPKH, and P2SH-P2WSH. Requests for P2WSH and P2SH-P2WSH accept an additional witnessscript parameter.
importmulti now returns an additional warnings field for each request with an array of strings explaining when fields are being ignored or are inconsistent, if there are any.
getaddressinfo now returns an additional solvable Boolean field when Groestlcoin Core knows enough about the address's scriptPubKey, optional redeemScript, and optional witnessScript for the wallet to be able to generate an unsigned input spending funds sent to that address.
The getaddressinfo, listunspent, and scantxoutset RPCs now return an additional desc field that contains an output descriptor containing all key paths and signing information for the address (except for the private key). The desc field is only returned for getaddressinfo and listunspent when the address is solvable.
importprivkey will preserve previously-set labels for addresses or public keys corresponding to the private key being imported. For example, if you imported a watch-only address with the label "coldwallet" in earlier releases of Groestlcoin Core, subsequently importing the private key would default to resetting the address's label to the default empty-string label (""). In this release, the previous label of "cold wallet" will be retained. If you optionally specify any label besides the default when calling importprivkey, the new label will be applied to the address.
getmininginfo now omits currentblockweight and currentblocktx when a block was never assembled via RPC on this node.
The getrawtransaction RPC & REST endpoints no longer check the unspent UTXO set for a transaction. The remaining behaviors are as follows:
If a blockhash is provided, check the corresponding block.
If no blockhash is provided, check the mempool.
If no blockhash is provided but txindex is enabled, also check txindex.
unloadwallet is now synchronous, meaning it will not return until the wallet is fully unloaded.
importmulti now supports importing of addresses from descriptors. A desc parameter can be provided instead of the "scriptPubKey" in are quest, as well as an optional range for ranged descriptors to specify the start and end of the range to import. Descriptors with key origin information imported through importmulti will have their key origin information stored in the wallet for use with creating PSBTs.
listunspent has been modified so that it also returns witnessScript, the witness script in the case of a P2WSH orP2SH-P2WSH output.
createwallet now has an optional blank argument that can be used to create a blank wallet. Blank wallets do not have any keys or HDseed. They cannot be opened in software older than 2.18.2. Once a blank wallet has a HD seed set (by using sethdseed) or private keys, scripts, addresses, and other watch only things have been imported, the wallet is no longer blank and can be opened in 2.17.2. Encrypting a blank wallet will also set a HD seed for it.
signrawtransaction is removed after being deprecated and hidden behind a special configuration option in version 2.17.2.
The 'account' API is removed after being deprecated in v2.17.2 The 'label' API was introduced in v2.17.2 as a replacement for accounts. See the release notes from v2.17.2 for a full description of the changes from the 'account' API to the 'label' API.
addwitnessaddress is removed after being deprecated in version 2.16.0.
generate is deprecated and will be fully removed in a subsequent major version. This RPC is only used for testing, but its implementation reached across multiple subsystems (wallet and mining), so it is being deprecated to simplify the wallet-node interface. Projects that are using generate for testing purposes should transition to using the generatetoaddress RPC, which does not require or use the wallet component. Calling generatetoaddress with an address returned by the getnewaddress RPC gives the same functionality as the old generate RPC. To continue using generate in this version, restart groestlcoind with the -deprecatedrpc=generate configuration option.
Be reminded that parts of the validateaddress command have been deprecated and moved to getaddressinfo. The following deprecated fields have moved to getaddressinfo: ismine, iswatchonly,script, hex, pubkeys, sigsrequired, pubkey, embedded,iscompressed, label, timestamp, hdkeypath, hdmasterkeyid.
The addresses field has been removed from the validateaddressand getaddressinfo RPC methods. This field was confusing since it referred to public keys using their P2PKH address. Clients should use the embedded.address field for P2SH or P2WSH wrapped addresses, and pubkeys for inspecting multisig participants.
A new /rest/blockhashbyheight/ endpoint is added for fetching the hash of the block in the current best blockchain based on its height (how many blocks it is after the Genesis Block).
A new Window menu is added alongside the existing File, Settings, and Help menus. Several items from the other menus that opened new windows have been moved to this new Window menu.
In the Send tab, the checkbox for "pay only the required fee" has been removed. Instead, the user can simply decrease the value in the Custom Fee rate field all the way down to the node's configured minimumrelay fee.
In the Overview tab, the watch-only balance will be the only balance shown if the wallet was created using the createwallet RPC and thedisable_private_keys parameter was set to true.
The launch-on-startup option is no longer available on macOS if compiled with macosx min version greater than 10.11 (useCXXFLAGS="-mmacosx-version-min=10.11" CFLAGS="-mmacosx-version-min=10.11" for setting the deployment sdkversion)
A new groestlcoin-wallet tool is now distributed alongside Groestlcoin Core's other executables. Without needing to use any RPCs, this tool can currently create a new wallet file or display some basic information about an existing wallet, such as whether the wallet is encrypted, whether it uses an HD seed, how many transactions it contains, and how many address book entries it has.
Since version 2.16.0, Groestlcoin Core's built-in wallet has defaulted to generating P2SH-wrapped segwit addresses when users want to receive payments. These addresses are backwards compatible with all widely used software. Starting with Groestlcoin Core 2.20.1 (expected about a year after 2.18.2), Groestlcoin Core will default to native segwitaddresses (bech32) that provide additional fee savings and other benefits. Currently, many wallets and services already support sending to bech32 addresses, and if the Groestlcoin Core project sees enough additional adoption, it will instead default to bech32 receiving addresses in Groestlcoin Core 2.19.1. P2SH-wrapped segwit addresses will continue to be provided if the user requests them in the GUI or by RPC, and anyone who doesn't want the update will be able to configure their default address type. (Similarly, pioneering users who want to change their default now may set the addresstype=bech32 configuration option in any Groestlcoin Core release from 2.16.0 up.)
BIP 61 reject messages are now deprecated. Reject messages have no use case on the P2P network and are only logged for debugging by most network nodes. Furthermore, they increase bandwidth and can be harmful for privacy and security. It has been possible to disable BIP 61 messages since v2.17.2 with the -enablebip61=0 option. BIP 61 messages will be disabled by default in a future version, before being removed entirely.
The submitblock RPC previously returned the reason a rejected block was invalid the first time it processed that block but returned a generic "duplicate" rejection message on subsequent occasions it processed the same block. It now always returns the fundamental reason for rejecting an invalid block and only returns "duplicate" for valid blocks it has already accepted.
A new submitheader RPC allows submitting block headers independently from their block. This is likely only useful for testing.
The signrawtransactionwithkey and signrawtransactionwithwallet RPCs have been modified so that they also optionally accept a witnessScript, the witness script in the case of a P2WSH orP2SH-P2WSH output. This is compatible with the change to listunspent.
For the walletprocesspsbt and walletcreatefundedpsbt RPCs, if thebip32derivs parameter is set to true but the key metadata for a public key has not been updated yet, then that key will have a derivation path as if it were just an independent key (i.e. no derivation path and its master fingerprint is itself).
The -usehd configuration option was removed in version 2.16.0 From that version onwards, all new wallets created are hierarchical deterministic wallets. This release makes specifying -usehd an invalid configuration option.
This release allows peers that your node automatically disconnected for misbehaviour (e.g. sending invalid data) to reconnect to your node if you have unused incoming connection slots. If your slots fill up, a misbehaving node will be disconnected to make room for nodes without a history of problems (unless the misbehaving node helps your node in some other way, such as by connecting to a part of the Internet from which you don't have many other peers). Previously, Groestlcoin Core banned the IP addresses of misbehaving peers for a period (default of 1 day); this was easily circumvented by attackers with multiple IP addresses. If you manually ban a peer, such as by using the setban RPC, all connections from that peer will still be rejected.
The key metadata will need to be upgraded the first time that the HDseed is available. For unencrypted wallets this will occur on wallet loading. For encrypted wallets this will occur the first time the wallet is unlocked.
Newly encrypted wallets will no longer require restarting the software. Instead such wallets will be completely unloaded and reloaded to achieve the same effect.
A sub-project of Bitcoin Core now provides Hardware Wallet Interaction (HWI) scripts that allow command-line users to use several popular hardware key management devices with Groestlcoin Core. See their project page for details.
This release changes the Random Number Generator (RNG) used from OpenSSL to Groestlcoin Core's own implementation, although entropy gathered by Groestlcoin Core is fed out to OpenSSL and then read back in when the program needs strong randomness. This moves Groestlcoin Core a little closer to no longer needing to depend on OpenSSL, a dependency that has caused security issues in the past. The new implementation gathers entropy from multiple sources, including from hardware supporting the rdseed CPU instruction.
On macOS, Groestlcoin Core now opts out of application CPU throttling ("app nap") during initial blockchain download, when catching up from over 100 blocks behind the current chain tip, or when reindexing chain data. This helps prevent these operations from taking an excessively long time because the operating system is attempting to conserve power.
How to Upgrade?
Windows If you are running an older version, shut it down. Wait until it has completely shut down (which might take a few minutes for older versions), then run the installer. OSX If you are running an older version, shut it down. Wait until it has completely shut down (which might take a few minutes for older versions), run the dmg and drag Groestlcoin Core to Applications. Ubuntu http://groestlcoin.org/forum/index.php?topic=441.0
ALL NEW - Groestlcoin Moonshine iOS/Android Wallet
Built with React Native, Moonshine utilizes Electrum-GRS's JSON-RPC methods to interact with the Groestlcoin network. GRS Moonshine's intended use is as a hot wallet. Meaning, your keys are only as safe as the device you install this wallet on. As with any hot wallet, please ensure that you keep only a small, responsible amount of Groestlcoin on it at any given time.
Groestlcoin Mainnet & Testnet supported
Multiple wallet support
Electrum - Support for both random and custom peers
Biometric + Pin authentication
Custom fee selection
Import mnemonic phrases via manual entry or scanning
BIP39 Passphrase functionality
Support for Segwit-compatible & legacy addresses in settings
Support individual private key sweeping
UTXO blacklisting - Accessible via the Transaction Detail view, this allows users to blacklist any utxo that they do not wish to include in their list of available utxo's when sending transactions. Blacklisting a utxo excludes its amount from the wallet's total balance.
Ability to Sign & Verify Messages
Support BitID for password-free authentication
Coin Control - This can be accessed from the Send Transaction view and basically allows users to select from a list of available UTXO's to include in their transaction.
HODL GRS connects directly to the Groestlcoin network using SPV mode and doesn't rely on servers that can be hacked or disabled. HODL GRS utilizes AES hardware encryption, app sandboxing, and the latest security features to protect users from malware, browser security holes, and even physical theft. Private keys are stored only in the secure enclave of the user's phone, inaccessible to anyone other than the user. Simplicity and ease-of-use is the core design principle of HODL GRS. A simple recovery phrase (which we call a Backup Recovery Key) is all that is needed to restore the user's wallet if they ever lose or replace their device. HODL GRS is deterministic, which means the user's balance and transaction history can be recovered just from the backup recovery key.
Simplified payment verification for fast mobile performance
Groestlcoin Seed Savior is a tool for recovering BIP39 seed phrases. This tool is meant to help users with recovering a slightly incorrect Groestlcoin mnemonic phrase (AKA backup or seed). You can enter an existing BIP39 mnemonic and get derived addresses in various formats. To find out if one of the suggested addresses is the right one, you can click on the suggested address to check the address' transaction history on a block explorer.
If a word is wrong, the tool will try to suggest the closest option.
If a word is missing or unknown, please type "?" instead and the tool will find all relevant options.
NOTE: NVidia GPU or any CPU only. AMD graphics cards will not work with this address generator. VanitySearch is a command-line Segwit-capable vanity Groestlcoin address generator. Add unique flair when you tell people to send Groestlcoin. Alternatively, VanitySearch can be used to generate random addresses offline. If you're tired of the random, cryptic addresses generated by regular groestlcoin clients, then VanitySearch is the right choice for you to create a more personalized address. VanitySearch is a groestlcoin address prefix finder. If you want to generate safe private keys, use the -s option to enter your passphrase which will be used for generating a base key as for BIP38 standard (VanitySearch.exe -s "My PassPhrase" FXPref). You can also use VanitySearch.exe -ps "My PassPhrase" which will add a crypto secure seed to your passphrase. VanitySearch may not compute a good grid size for your GPU, so try different values using -g option in order to get the best performances. If you want to use GPUs and CPUs together, you may have best performances by keeping one CPU core for handling GPU(s)/CPU exchanges (use -t option to set the number of CPU threads).
Fixed size arithmetic
Fast Modular Inversion (Delayed Right Shift 62 bits)
SecpK1 Fast modular multiplication (2 steps folding 512bits to 256bits using 64 bits digits)
Use some properties of elliptic curve to generate more keys
SSE Secure Hash Algorithm SHA256 and RIPEMD160 (CPU)
Groestlcoin EasyVanity 2020 is a windows app built from the ground-up and makes it easier than ever before to create your very own bespoke bech32 address(es) when whilst not connected to the internet. If you're tired of the random, cryptic bech32 addresses generated by regular Groestlcoin clients, then Groestlcoin EasyVanity2020 is the right choice for you to create a more personalised bech32 address. This 2020 version uses the new VanitySearch to generate not only legacy addresses (F prefix) but also Bech32 addresses (grs1 prefix).
Ability to continue finding keys after first one is found
Includes warning on start-up if connected to the internet
Ability to output keys to a text file (And shows button to open that directory)
Show and hide the private key with a simple toggle switch
Show full output of commands
Ability to choose between Processor (CPU) and Graphics Card (GPU) ( NVidia ONLY! )
Features both a Light and Dark Material Design-Style Themes
Free software - MIT. Anyone can audit the code.
Written in C# - The code is short, and easy to review.
Groestlcoin WPF is an alternative full node client with optional lightweight 'thin-client' mode based on WPF. Windows Presentation Foundation (WPF) is one of Microsoft's latest approaches to a GUI framework, used with the .NET framework. Its main advantages over the original Groestlcoin client include support for exporting blockchain.dat and including a lite wallet mode. This wallet was previously deprecated but has been brought back to life with modern standards.
Works via TOR or SOCKS5 proxy
Can use bootstrap.dat format as blockchain database
Import/Export blockchain to/from bootstrap.dat
Import wallet.dat from Groestlcoin-qt wallet
Export wallet to wallet.dat
Use both groestlcoin-wpf and groestlcoin-qt with the same addresses in parallel. When you send money from one program, the transaction will automatically be visible on the other wallet.
Rescan blockchain with a simple mouse click
Works as a full node and listens to port 1331 (listening port can be changed)
Fast Block verifying, parallel processing on multi-core CPUs
Mine Groestlcoins with your CPU by a simple mouse click
All private keys are kept encrypted on your local machine (or on a USB stick)
Lite - Has a lightweight "thin client" mode which does not require a new user to download the entire Groestlcoin chain and store it
Free and decentralised - Open Source under GNU license
Fixed Import/Export to wallet.dat
Rescan wallet option
Change wallet password option
Address type and Change type options through *.conf file
Import from bootstrap.dat - It is a flat, binary file containing Groestlcoin blockchain data, from the genesis block through a recent height. All versions automatically validate and import the file "grs.bootstrap.dat" in the GRS directory. Grs.bootstrap.dat is compatible with Qt wallet. GroestlCoin-Qt can load from it.
In Full mode file %APPDATA%\Groestlcoin-WPF\GRS\GRS.bootstrap.dat is full blockchain in standard bootstrap.dat format and can be used with other clients.
Groestlcoin Electrum Personal Server aims to make using Electrum Groestlcoin wallet more secure and more private. It makes it easy to connect your Electrum-GRS wallet to your own full node. It is an implementation of the Electrum-grs server protocol which fulfils the specific need of using the Electrum-grs wallet backed by a full node, but without the heavyweight server backend, for a single user. It allows the user to benefit from all Groestlcoin Core's resource-saving features like pruning, blocks only and disabled txindex. All Electrum-GRS's feature-richness like hardware wallet integration, multi-signature wallets, offline signing, seed recovery phrases, coin control and so on can still be used, but connected only to the user's own full node. Full node wallets are important in Groestlcoin because they are a big part of what makes the system be trust-less. No longer do people have to trust a financial institution like a bank or PayPal, they can run software on their own computers. If Groestlcoin is digital gold, then a full node wallet is your own personal goldsmith who checks for you that received payments are genuine. Full node wallets are also important for privacy. Using Electrum-GRS under default configuration requires it to send (hashes of) all your Groestlcoin addresses to some server. That server can then easily spy on your transactions. Full node wallets like Groestlcoin Electrum Personal Server would download the entire blockchain and scan it for the user's own addresses, and therefore don't reveal to anyone else which Groestlcoin addresses they are interested in. Groestlcoin Electrum Personal Server can also broadcast transactions through Tor which improves privacy by resisting traffic analysis for broadcasted transactions which can link the IP address of the user to the transaction. If enabled this would happen transparently whenever the user simply clicks "Send" on a transaction in Electrum-grs wallet. Note: Currently Groestlcoin Electrum Personal Server can only accept one connection at a time.
Use your own node
Uses less CPU and RAM than ElectrumX
Used intermittently rather than needing to be always-on
Doesn't require an index of every Groestlcoin address ever used like on ElectrumX
UPDATED – Android Wallet 7.38.1 - Main Net + Test Net
The app allows you to send and receive Groestlcoin on your device using QR codes and URI links. When using this app, please back up your wallet and email them to yourself! This will save your wallet in a password protected file. Then your coins can be retrieved even if you lose your phone.
Add confidence messages, helping users to understand the confidence state of their payments.
Handle edge case when restoring via an external app.
Count devices with a memory class of 128 MB as low ram.
Introduce dark mode on Android 10 devices.
Reduce memory usage of PIN-protected wallets.
Tapping on the app's version will reveal a checksum of the APK that was installed.
Fix issue with confirmation of transactions that empty your wallet.
Groestlcoin Sentinel is a great solution for anyone who wants the convenience and utility of a hot wallet for receiving payments directly into their cold storage (or hardware wallets). Sentinel accepts XPUB's, YPUB'S, ZPUB's and individual Groestlcoin address. Once added you will be able to view balances, view transactions, and (in the case of XPUB's, YPUB's and ZPUB's) deterministically generate addresses for that wallet. Groestlcoin Sentinel is a fork of Groestlcoin Samourai Wallet with all spending and transaction building code removed.
Putting the fun back into FUNgibility (full node, JM, and yield generator)
I'm new to BTC (<1 year) and not a blockchain guru, but I started stacking sats as an alternative investment. I'm not retiring off my crypto anytime soon, but its enough value that I want to increase my BTC security and competency (currently stored in an exchange wallet like a pleb). I was on the verge of moving everything into cold storage, but then I found JM through Googling keywords along the lines of "bitcoin income generation." I've been studying up on JM for the last 48h, and decided to: build a full node, create a JM wallet, start running yield-generator. Even though it sounds like income will be zero or close to zero, I hope it will be a fun learning project. I'm going to go out right now to buy some hardware components and will continue to update this thread after each milestone. I'm expecting to learn a lot through this process so I am making this post so that others can learn from my inevitable mistakes, and a place to ask for help if I run into problems. Stay tuned for updates! Update 1: Shopping completed. I'm going with a Raspberry Pi with 4GB of ram, 0.5TB external SSD to store the blockchain. I bought a couple of accessories to help me set up the environment (keyboard, mouse, lcd, usb hub). I also bought a pimoroni fan shim to make sure nothing overheats. I'll be using my windows laptop for initial setup as well. Next step is hardware setup and software environment (Raspian, fan service controller, and hdd partition). Image of all hardware components: https://imgur.com/aKlJ3LD Update 2: Good success with the hardware portion of the project. After I got my OS running I immediately nuked my SD card by running fstab without reading man first - classic. I wasted an hour trying to recover, then reflashed my OS and got everything running. First I got the fan service controller working, then formatted external hdd for ext4 (came with ntfs from the store), setup firewall and tor, and installed bitcoind. The next step is to finish allowing my blockchain to sync, and then test all functionality before starting with joinmarket. Results: https://imgur.com/a/sE1f1ap Update 3: It is taking a long time to fully sync to the network so I decided to install but not configure JM during this lag time. I successfully installed JM, but I decided to call it quits for today before editing joinmarket.cfg. I was hoping to be completely done today but I lost several hours due to my own incompetence. I should have enough time during the week to continue this project, so I will check back in tomorrow. Does anyone have advice on joinmarket.cfg settings for tor? Current status: https://imgur.com/1Tp7kJN Update 4: After a long delay due to lack of time during work, I finally got everything working 100%. Due to privacy and security advice from friends, I will not be posting any specific information about my JM wallet, but it is up and running and able to submit and participate in coinjoins - very exciting! I'm going to start learning about payjoin next. Thank you to Joinmarket creators and community for helping me through this process... I will continue to provide new content in the future with any significant updates to either joinmarket code base or to my own setup.
Hello again. It's been a while. People have been emailing me about once a week or so for the last year to ask if I'm coming back to Bitcoin now that Bitcoin Cash exists. And a couple of weeks ago I was summoned on a thread called "Ask Mike Hearn Anything", but that was nothing to do with me and I was on holiday in Japan at the time. So I figured I should just answer all the different questions and answers in one place rather than keep doing it individually over email. Firstly, thanks for the kind words on this sub. I don't take part anymore but I still visit occasionally to see what people are talking about, and the people posting nice messages is a pleasant change from three years ago. Secondly, who am I? Some new Bitcoiners might not know. I am Satoshi. Just kidding. I'm not Satoshi. I was a Bitcoin developer for about five years, from 2010-2015. I was also one of the first Bitcoin users, sending my first coins in April 2009 (to SN), about 4 months after the genesis block. I worked on various things:
My main effort was an implementation of a Java library called bitcoinj. This was the engine used in the first p2p mobile wallet ("Bitcoin Wallet for Android"), and the first p2p desktop wallet that was faster to run than Bitcoin [Core] itself (MultiBit). These together were responsible for around 2.5 million user installs at a time when downloading the full block chain was becoming too slow for normal users to tolerate and the only alternative was a "bitbank" or cloud-hosted wallet. It was used in the first trustless gambling site (SatoshiDice), over 100 products and projects, and many academic research papers.
With Gavin Andresen and others I designed some upgrades to the Bitcoin protocol like Bloom filtering and BIP70.
With Matt Corrallo I implemented and demonstrated the first version of (micro)payment channels. I put together a demo of a file server that charged micropayments using a GUI called Payfile (mentioned in New Scientist here). I used to have a video of this but unfortunately it no longer seems to be on YouTube. Payment channels went on to be used in the design of the Lightning Network.
You can see a trend here - I was always interested in developing peer to peer decentralised applications that used Bitcoin. But what I'm best known for is my role in the block size debate/civil war, documented by Nathaniel Popper in the New York Times. I spent most of 2015 writing extensively about why various proposals from the small-block/Blockstream faction weren't going to work (e.g. on replace by fee, lightning network, what would occur if no hard fork happened, soft forks, scaling conferences etc). After Blockstream successfully took over Bitcoin Core and expelled anyone who opposed them, Gavin and I forked Bitcoin Core to create Bitcoin XT, the first alternative node implementation to gain any serious usage. The creation of XT led to the imposition of censorship across all Bitcoin discussion forums and news outlets, resulted in the creation of this sub, and Core supporters paid a botnet operator to force XT nodes offline with DDoS attacks. They also convinced the miners and wider community to do nothing for years, resulting in the eventual overload of the main network. I left the project at the start of 2016, documenting my reasons and what I expected to happen in my final essay on Bitcoin in which I said I considered it a failed experiment. Along with the article in the New York Times this pierced the censorship, made the wider world aware of what was going on, and thus my last gift to the community was a 20% drop in price (it soon recovered).
The last two years
Left Bitcoin ... but not decentralisation. After all that went down I started a new project called Corda. You can think of Corda as Bitcoin++, but modified for industrial use cases where a decentralised p2p database is more immediately useful than a new coin. Corda incorporates many ideas I had back when I was working on Bitcoin but couldn't implement due to lack of time, resources, because of ideological wars or because they were too technically radical for the community. So even though it's doesn't provide a new cryptocurrency out of the box, it might be interesting for the Bitcoin Cash community to study anyway. By resigning myself to Bitcoin's fate and joining R3 I could go back to the drawing board and design with a lot more freedom, creating something inspired by Bitcoin's protocol but incorporating all the experience we gained writing Bitcoin apps over the years. The most common question I'm asked is whether I'd come back and work on Bitcoin again. The obvious followup question is - come back and work on what? If you want to see some of the ideas I'd have been exploring if things had worked out differently, go read the Corda tech white paper. Here's a few of the things it might be worth asking about:
Corda's data model is a UTXO ledger, like Bitcoin. Outputs in Corda (called "states") can be arbitrary data structures instead of just coin amounts, so you don't need hacks like coloured coins anymore. You can track arbitrary fungible assets, but you can also model things like the state of a loan, deal, purchase order, crate of cargo etc.
Transactions are structured as Merkle trees.
Corda has a compound key format that can represent more flexible conditions than CHECKMULTISIG can.
Smart contracts are stateless predicates like in Bitcoin, but you can loop like in Ethereum. Unlike Bitcoin and Ethereum we do not invent our own VM or languages.
Transactions can have files attached to them. Smart contracts in Corda are stored in attachments and referenced by hash, so large programs aren't duplicated inside every transaction.
The P2P network is encrypted.
Back in 2014 I wrote that Bitcoin needed a store and forward network, to make app dev easier, and to improve privacy. Corda doesn't have a store and forward network - Corda is a store and forward network.
It has a "flow framework" that makes structured back-and-forth conversations very easy to program. This makes protocols like payment channelss a lot quicker and easier to implement, and would have made Lighthouse much more straightforward. A big part of my goal with Corda was to simplify the act of building complicated decentralised applications, based on those Bitcoin experiences. Lighthouse took about 8 months of full time work to build, but it's pretty spartan anyway. That's because Bitcoin offers almost nothing to developers who want to build P2P apps that go beyond simple payments. Corda does.
The flow framework lets you do hard things quickly. For example, we took part in a competition called Project Ubin, the goal of which was to develop something vaguely analogous in complexity to the Lightning Network or original Ripple (decentralised net-out of debts). But we had about six weeks and one developer. We successfully did that in the time allowed. Compare that to dev time for the Lightning Network.
Corda scales a lot better than Bitcoin, even though Bitcoin could have scaled to the levels needed for large payment networks with enough work and time. It has something similar to what Ethereum calls "sharding". This is possible partly because Corda doesn't use proof of work.
It has a mechanism for signalling the equivalent of hard forks.
It provides much better privacy. Whilst it supports techniques like address randomisation, it also doesn't use global broadcast and we are working on encrypting the entire ledger using Intel SGX, such that no human has access to the raw unencrypted data and such that it's transparent to application developers (i.e. no need to design custom zero knowledge proofs)
I am so sorry BCH community, please accept my apology.
I'm sorry BCH community. I always thought this was just another scam. I've falling for all the brainwashing online and never believed in anything other than bitcoin. It's been easy for me to believe what I wanted to believe and I'll explain why I wanted to believe in BTC. I first heard of bitcoin 6 years ago and I shrugged it off as being something that's pointless, each year after that there was another article that caught my eye about the huge rise in value, everytime I saw it (not lying - every year I saw it), I thought damnit! I should just have bought it, but I guess it's too late now. A few years later I bought some Ethereum, it was VERY cheap so I bought it, even though I didn't understand it at all (it was very cheap, I bought hundreds with the hopes that it will do what BTC did), I completely forgot about it, and two years later a friend told me ETH was $400 - I rushed to open up my wallet and sync it and realised I don't remember the password, this would've been worth millions, in otherwords I would have had true freedom. I spent around 3 months researching ways to try and recover my password and eventually realised that there is no way, at this point my mac got extremely slow (I blame Sierra) and I had to format / reinstall it. I figured there's no point in taking a backup of the eth directory as I don't have the password to decrypt the wallet anyway, so I nuked it and said goodbye to my freedom. Now, fast-forwarding, me and my girlfriend are switching phones (she wants and iPhone, I want an Android), the next step for me was to move all my data from the iPhone to the droid (Google Authenticator, mail accounts etc.) as I got to my Notes application I found a note containing my ethereum wallet password. I cannot explain to you how sick this made me feel, even just thinking back about it now is making me feel queesy. I could have had true freedom, I could get myself, my girlfriend and our child out of South Africa to be in a better country, with lower crime rates, less risk of my rape - better education etc. I could have said goodbye to all of my stress and worries - the long 16 hour work days, it would all have been gone, but I screwed it up - twice. This made be feel sick and I stayed away from crypto for longer, last year (2016), was the year I decided that I am sick and tired of worrying about our futures, sick of worrying about a robery or a hijacking, sick and tired of long working hours and almost 2hour long commutes on a dangerous freeway. This was the year that I would get into crypto. The first thing I realised is that my reasoning for entering crypto was to seek financial freedom, I didn't just want to buy and hold a currency, I wanted to help the community and make some money doing it, so I took a loan - and built a rig (cheap GTX 1060s) - so far it's helped a lot, the money I've been mining helped keep my nose above water. I haven't been able to pay off the loan yet, but atleast the monthly expenses are all covered. I decided to keep money aside and save it (instead of buying new cards every n months) into a type of savings account, where I'll keep it until it's enough to build another rig, the second rig will help my pay off the loan, but there's no point in spending the cash on parts that are useless on their own. It worked out pretty well, but unfortunetly even after the doubling of BTC price, it's still not enough for a new rig - however I believe I can get there, the reason I wanted you guys to be wrong is that you were a contradiction to everything I was led to believe the last couple of months and this project (the reports of the "flippining" threatened my survivability). This latest "dip", hurt a lot, where it went from $20k to $14k - I was close to buying the new rig, I was actually trying to move my BTC from my wallet to Luno so I can sell it - and I saw that my transaction fee was huge, the fee was something like ZAR 1600+, I just couldn't spend it - so I decided to keep holding until Lightning was implemented, and now it dipped - hard :( So I'm still left holding the bag. I was hurt by these fees, so damn much that I couldn't get my cash out - and I realised how bad it is, I also realised that at the very least Segwit2x could've been implemented to relieve some of this (or atleast minimize the effect), but it just didn't get implemented and I feel that it's disgusting, do they not realise by ignoring the original 'Peer to peer cash system' use-case that some people are getting very hurt through this? I mean - what's the point in a "decentralised" currency if it can be controlled by a central authority (blockstream) - and they hurt the consumers, why didn't I just use a bank to store my savings for my new rig, it would sure as hell have hurt alot less (TX fees to send from Bank to computer shop would have been around ZAR 6 ffs). Now, I know this is longwinded, but I would like to apologise for thinking every BCH supporter is an idiot/liescammer, the only thing I can say is that I didn't understand it - I didn't understand what you guys were so upset about, until now - and I feel terrible for the few downvotes I made, I feel sorry for saying something like "don't support evil people" when the BCH crowd is trying to keep BTC from collapsing. I feel terrible about it, I really do. I hope you guys can forgive me, I truly do - I will try my best to educate myself and help others, I will make it my mission. The only thing I ask now of the BCH community, is if someone knows of an easy/cheap/safe way to exchange my BTC for BCH, without those huge TX fees, I am sorry to ask, I know I don't deserve your help, but I'm desperate and running out of time, I'm starting to feel the pressure and I need to get rig x2 up as soon as possible, before life becomes even more uncomfortable. Thank you for taking the time to read my apology.
Introducing NanoVault, an open source wallet for Nano
Hello /nanocurrency, my name is Andrew and over the last few months I have been building and fine tuning my open source wallet, NanoVault, which after extensive testing from the community is now ready for public usage! It aims to make Nano dead-simple to use and is available on your desktop (Windows/Mac/Linux) or on the web at nanovault.io
Late last year I heard about Nano (Then RaiBlocks) and was drawn in to investigate further by its incredible claims to solve many of the potential problems we see in Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies. After reading the white paper and witnessing the strength of the community I decided to invest and quickly became an advocate to all of my crypto friends. I loved that Nano could deliver on all of its promises, but thought the original wallets weren’t quite doing justice to the technology. So I set out to create my own version of the wallet that was simple, easy, and safe to use. It started as a simple wallet that used your local node, and through lots of feedback and testing from community members, evolved into the more fully featured client side wallet that is ready for everyone to use today.
What is NanoVault?
NanoVault is an open source wallet application for Nano which makes it quick and intuitive to use, while remaining as secure as possible. It is fully client-side signing which means your seed and private keys are generated in your browser and transactions are signed locally. None of your sensitive wallet data is ever sent across your network or stored on any server in any format (Encrypted or otherwise).
Some of the main features
Available everywhere with no sign up or email required - use the native desktop wallet on your Windows/Mac/Linux, or use the web wallet from any device at any time.
Security focused: All of the handling of sensitive information happens locally in your browser only and even that data is encrypted when the wallet is locked. (So there is no need for server-based authentication measures such as 2FA)
Store labels for your own accounts and others in the address book, which is fully integrated for easy usage into every part of the wallet.
Track the balance of your accounts in your local currency/Bitcoin (Or hide it and only show Nano)
Use your client side GPU or CPU to compute Proof of Work, or use our blazing fast GPU cloud server to show off the true speed of Nano.
Easily and safely export your wallet to your other devices using a QR code, link, or file that is encrypted by your wallet password.
Fully configure how the wallet operates - change the display denomination, wipe your data on every usage (Like MyEtherWallet), automatically lock the wallet on close and after inactivity and more.
Plus more to come - new features are being added based on all of the feedback provided by users of the community.
Create a new wallet or import your seed from any existing Nano wallet Make 100% sure to save your seed, it is the master key to your accounts, and the only way to recover your wallet
Set a password for your wallet. This is used to encrypt your sensitive information, and is used to unlock the wallet. (While the wallet is locked, new blocks cannot be signed so sending, receiving, creating accounts, etc is disabled)
You are now ready to send and receive Nano with your accounts!
How does it work?
How is data stored?
By default, your wallet data is stored in your browsers local storage, encrypted by the password you set on your wallet (If desired, you can change the application settings to never store any wallet data). Other data related to the application, such as your settings and address book are also stored in your local storage. They can be cleared completely using the application settings page if needed. No data at all is ever stored on a server, and only public Nano network transaction information is ever sent across the network.
We have a list of things we are looking at adding in the very near future which you can see on the NanoVault Road Map. What ends up being focused on first will be highly driven by what the community requests, so make your opinion heard! Join us on Discord, keep up to date on Twitter, or submit any bugs or feature requests on GitHub.
Our NanoVault Representative
In an attempt to help decentralize the network, I have also made our node available as a representative. The node is hosted on Amazon AWS and has proven incredibly reliable, even through all of the best stress tests we have undertaken so far. If you have not changed your representative yet, consider using ours at: xrb_3rw4un6ys57hrb39sy1qx8qy5wukst1iiponztrz9qiz6qqa55kxzx4491or
Thank you to the many people in this amazing Nano community who have helped me test the application and improve its features to gear it up for this public launch. It has been incredibly helpful, and I have no doubt that it is only the beginning for both NanoVault and the Nano community at large!
If you have any questions, feel free to ask them below or in our Discord server, and I will do my best to respond. You can also find me in the Nano Discord servers @Cronoh - Thanks everyone!
Freelancing guide for beginners in Venezuela(Without Programming Skillls) / Guía de Freelance para principiantes en Venezuela (Sin conocimiento de programación)
Hello reddit! My name is LinkToU, and i’ve been commissioned by u/justgord to share some of my freelancing experience, living in Venezuela. It might not be much, but hopefully it'll help some people get started. I’ve seen countless numbers of posts here in this subreddit, asking for advice on how to get started, and what are the best ways to receive money, so those are topics i’ll be touching upon in this guide. As the title says, this is a guide that requires NO programming skills, this is meant to be a guide towards beginners, and people that are having a rough time, like i was, two and a half years ago, before getting into this.
Now, without further ado, let’s dive right into this.
What type of work can you expect to find? There are actually a few types of jobs that you can easily find without any specific skill, for example, translations, lead generation, data entry, transcriptions, writing articles, and even being a virtual assistant. This list could go on and on, but i’ll just give you a couple websites where you can find these types of work, and you can go figure out what’s best for you.
Where to find work? Most of the freelance work i've done it's been through two major websites, so i'll talk a little bit about them and about my experience with each.
Spare5 (https://app.spare5.com/) is the crowdworking website that got me into this, . This is basically a crowdworking website where you’ll be reviewing different images, annotating and drawing different polygons to help train AI to identify everyday objects. Getting started in this page is the hardest part, but i’d say it’s just as hard as it was back in 2017 when i started. You’ll first have to complete every tutorial, then move on to the qualifiers and onto paid tasks (be sure that you understand every task before diving into them, because if you don’t perform well on your paid tasks, they’ll be taken away from you, and you might even get permanently banned). The minimum payment is $1, and the payment method that they use is PayPal, you don’t need to have a verified Paypal account, and you WILL NOT get your account limited by just receiving money from this page. Like i said, the hardest part of this page is to get started, as tasks will be scarce, so try not to make any mistakes, and do every task as best as you can, this will guarantee that they give you even more tasks, and eventually, you’ll be assigned permanent tasks, and your dashboard will look something like this: https://imgur.com/a/TSUASME , as you notice, the payment for each task is really low but don’t get discouraged, you’ll want to find one that is easy to do, and that you can memorize the instructions, i’ve made up to $20 in just a couple of hours, out of easy tasks that paid 0.2c each. Of course, you’ll need practice, Practice makes perfect. I have NOT been working on this page lately, because the payment per tasks has been diminished, and tasks only get more and more complicated to complete.
Pros of Spare5
Your payment is 100% secure with them (unless you get banned for underperforming in too many tasks), even if your Paypal account gets limited, you can reimburse the money they’ve sent you back to your Spare5 account (I’ve never done this, but i know it can be done, and the Spare5 team even helps you in the process).
The amount of tasks available are based in your performance, which means if you do well, you’re almost guaranteed to have some work to do whenever there is some available.
Some tasks are easy to do, and pay a good amount, i’ve made up to $50 in a good night, just off of tasks that paid 0.2c each.
Your earnings in this page do not only come from doing tasks yourself, there is a referral program where you’ll get 20% out of the first $100 that EACH of your referrals earns, and they’ll get 10% more out of their first $100 too, just for being referred by you.
Once you have enough experience in the page, you may have the Spare5 team reach out to you personally to test new features that they’re planning to add to the mainpage in the future, or just to interview you and ask questions to you about different things. All of these, are paid, and i’ve been approached on multiple occasions by the Spare5 team to take part in these. There is also a moderator position in their forums, i’m not entirely sure on how it works, but i’ve heard they pay you based on the amount of people that you help, only if you have the moderator role.
Cons of Spare5
As there is a limited number of available tasks, there are bound to be times where none is available, even if you have lots of experience, there are certain times of the year where there’s just no work to do (Usually January). This is what prompted me to stop using this website, and find a more reliable income.
Lots of reading through the instructions of any given task, which is bad specially because you may finish reading the instructions to a given task, only to have to move to another one after a short while, one you run out of available tasks of the kind that you were doing.
You’re subject to the revision of other users, which means, if you complete the task perfectly, but the person reviewing you makes a mistake, you’ll be punished for that. Even if you’re the one reviewing, the way to determine if a given task is good or bad, is based on what % of people reviewing the same image as you, passed it as good or bad, which means if you’re right, and the majority is wrong, again, you’ll be punished for it.
My recommendations for Spare5
Take your time, and really read through every single one of the instructions. If you get banned for underperforming, you will be permanently expelled from the website.
If you are unsure about what to do in a specific case, after reading through the instructions, ask the community for advice, they’re more than happy to help.
If, after you read through every single one of the instructions, and you’ve asked for advice from other community users, and you’re still unsure about a specific case, Skip the image.
Don’t be hesitant to Skip images, it has no negative repercussion whatsoever, i learned to see the skip button, as another tool that i used constantly.
Next, is Reddit, more specifically, the subreddit where i’ve found most of my freelancing jobs, is /slavelabour , where people post any kind of job that they need done (Seriously, any, i’ve seen many kinds of crazy stuff going on there), along with a payment offer, and usually a method. This one is pretty good, since you can find different kinds of work based on your skills, i’ve mostly done data entry types of jobs there, but there are many others easy for beginners, you just have to keep an eye out for when any potential job gets posted. Other similar subreddits that i frequent, but aren’t as active as /slavelabour are: /Jobs4Bitcoins/ , /WorkOnline//ForHire/ Follow the same advice that i will give for /slavelabour , as these work similarly.
You have to be careful and look out for possible scammers
You need a minimum of reddit activity and possibly previous job references.
Pay rates are usually low.
There is a high demand for the job offerings, so you'll have to be quick and be able to pitch yourself well.
My recommendations for these subreddits.
If something looks too good to be true, it probably is.
Ask for your payment upfront, and build trust within the community.
If you’re going to work for someone, check their profile and activity, if anything looks off, don’t risk wasting your time.
Those are the main two websites where i've worked at for the past two years, there are some others that i know of, but since i haven't used them, i don't know how they work.
Now, let's talk a little bit about payment methods, and what are some good options for receiving your money once you've got yourself some gigs.
Payment methods: Now that you know what are some good places to get started, let's talk about what's the best place to receive your payments, and keep your money safe. I’ll take about the few methods that i’ve used myself, such as PayPal, Uphold, AirTM, and most recently, Cryptos.
Where to receive your payments?
PayPal is the easiest way to receive and send money, with medium fees, it's one of the easiest to setup, as well as the most commonly used, from my experience. However your money is not 100% safe here, as your account could be limited, and your assets frozen, until you can prove that your earning aren't illicit, and you're not using PayPal for anything illegal, this latter being the hardest to prove, since, as you know, selling your PayPal money in USD, for Venezuelan currency(Bs), is illegal. If you’re thinking about using PayPal, i’d recommend you to verify your account, with a credit card under your name. Using a virtual credit card, is against PayPal ToS, but i used one anyways and haven’t had any trouble, since there are not many options here in Venezuela, since it’s near impossible to get a proper USD credit card.
Pros of using PayPal
It’s really easy to setup a PayPal account, as well as sending and receiving money.
It’s the most commonly used payment method for freelance gigs.
Exchanging money between PayPal and Venezuela’s currency, is easy, as buyers and exchangers are rather easy to find.
You can refund your money if you were to encounter a scammer whilst exchanging currencies.
There are some websites that guarantee you, and your PayPal account integrity & safety whilst exchanging currency.
It’s possible to withdraw your PayPal balance into an US Bank account, with minimum fees.
Can use your PayPal balance to buy in websites such as Ebay, Wish and many other websites.
Cons of using PayPal:
Fees are too high compared to other platforms.
Verifying your account is a must to protect your money, and some buyers will only buy money from verified accounts.
PayPal’s customer service isn’t very helpful, or understanding when it comes down to trying to recover a limited account.
Scammers might try to refund the money they’ve sent you after you confirm it, and you’d have to dispute.
There is a chance that you could get your account limited, this has never happened to me, however.
My recommendations for using PayPal:
First and foremost, verify your account, it’ll make life much easier for you, and you’ll be able to use your PayPal balance to buy in some eStores.
Don’t send, or receive small amounts of money from other persons, i avoid receiving amounts below $5, and ANYTHING below $1, is an absolutely no-go.
Exchange your currencies only with people you trust, seek for references from people you know, don’t trust strangers. I find that having a trusted buyer to sell to is the best way to go, even if you find someone who’s offering a better price.
Avoid refunds and disputes, as that will draw attention from PayPal’s staff into your account. I’d rather lose $10 to a scammer, than get my whole account frozen.
Uphold is another cloud based financial services platform, similar to PayPal, and with similar fees. The good thing about this platform, is that you can exchange your funds from USD to Crypto, and many other currencies, at the cost of a relatively small fee. I haven’t used this method too much myself, as i used this mainly for it’s Virtual Credit Card feature, which is temporarily not available.
Pros of using Uphold:
You can go from USD to crypto and vice versa easily.
You used to be able to create virtual credit cards, a feature that might come back in the future.
Doesn’t have PayPal’s limitation issue.
Not too hard to use.
Fees are nothing too crazy.
Even if not too many people use Uphold, you can receive crypto payments in all of the mayor coins here.
Cons of using Uphold:
Crypto transactions take hours to complete.
Setting up your account isn’t as easy as some other options.
AirTM is an e-wallet where you can keep your money, and exchange it to other currency, or buy USD with your local money, all in the same platform. Out of all the options i'm going to list for payment methods, this is my least favorite, as the fees are incredibly high, and in my opinion, what this website provides isn't worth it. I haven’t had much experience with AirTM, as the fees are ridiculous, but i’ve used it and i’ll share my experiences.
Pros of using AirTM:
You can receive your money, as well as find exchangers to sell it here.
Provides you with all of the tools you need to exchange your money, 100% safely.
It’s the easiest option in terms of going from receiving payments in USD, to exchanging it into other currencies.
Cons of using AirTM:
Fees are ridiculously high.
It’s not as straightforward as other options in terms of setting up your account, and using this platform will take some time to get used to it.
Asks for a lot of stuff to verify your identity.
Venezuela’s government has previously blocked this website, and claimed to have been “seeking all of the delinquents using this fraudulent website”.
AirTM's website is sometimes blocked by the government and requires the use of a VPN to access it.
Finally, Cryptocurrencies, i’ve only started using this method recently, and i can already say, this is my favorite so far, and the method i’ll mainly use from now onwards, as this has proven to be really easy to set up, and in my opinion, the best option for receiving payments, as you’ll pay minimum fees for your transactions, keep your identity safe, and the exchange rate to Venezuela’s currency is really good. I’d say there is no downside to receiving your payments here, as even if you were worried by the Crypto’s price dropping, you could easily use a third party website to exchange your Crypto, to USD in any other platform you’d like. The cryptocurrencies that i’ve used are Bitcoin Cash (BCH), Bitcoin (BTC) and Ethereum (ETH), all of the transactions that i’ve done haven’t taken longer than 30 minutes, with the exception of using SideshiftAI to exchange my BCH into BTC, which took about an hour. Setting up a wallet for these is rather easy, however here’s a quick guide for BTC and BCH. https://bitcoin.org/en/getting-started . Also, another point in Crypto’s favor, is that some stores have begun accepting cryptos as a payment method, there’s an app in the Google Play Store named “CryptoLugaresVE” With a list of places accepting crypto as a payment method.
Pros of using Cryptocurrencies:
Fees are extremely low.
Good exchange rates to other currencies.
Easy to set up, and straightforward to use.
You can potentially gain money, if the price of the crypto that you’re using increases.
Can be used as a payment method in a lot of eShops, and some stores in Venezuela.
Payments sent to you cannot be refunded
Cons of using Cryptocurrencies:
You can lose money, if the price of the crypto that you’re using drops.
Cannot refund your payments.
Transactions can sometimes take a long time to complete, although this hasn’t happened to me.
Due to the volatility of crypto’s price, it’s not good to keep your savings.
My recommendations for using Cryptocurrencies:
Don’t keep any money that you can’t afford to lose in crypto, so that if the price drops, you won’t be back at square cero.
Exchange your cryptos only with trusted buyers, or using safe third party websites, to ensure you don’t get scammed, since you can’t refund money.
Change your address after each trade.
Finally, i’ll talk a little bit about the couple websites that you can use to safely exchange money from USD, to Venezuela’s currency. Other than these, you’d have to find someone of your trust to exchange your currency.
Where to safely exchange your earnings to Venezuela’s currency?
Appbb (https://www.appbb.co/) is an eStore that will also buy funds from all kinds of platforms (Payoneer, Uphold, Paypal, Cryptos, etc.), while they might not have the best rates, they are reliable, safe, and a good option. The downside of this site, is that hey have a set amount transactions that they’re going to make per day, so you’ll have to wait for the store to open every morning, and grab your ticket. I haven’t used this shop in a while, i know that they’ve changed it, and i’m not sure how it works for exchanging your currencies anymore, but you can ask for advice in their facebook page and their support team is always really helpful.
Localbitcoins (https://localbitcoins.com/) is a trading website where you can sell/buy bitcoins from different users safely. This website works only for selling Bitcoin, but you can buy bitcoins with money from any other platform, at a fair rate, and sell the bitcoins that you’ve bought.
Foro-Ptc (https://www.foro-ptc.com/) is a whole website dedicated to making money online, there’s all kinds of useful content here, i recommend you to check it out, but more importantly, there is whole section dedicated to selling and buying USD for local currency. You’ll need a 30 days old account, and some posts before you can PM anyone you want, but there are some trusted buyers/sellers whom you’ll be able to send PMs to right away, so you can safely exchange with them.
That’s it for now, I’ll probably update the guide as i learn more and try out new stuff, as well as with your feedback. I just want to thank u/justgord for giving me the opportunity to share all of this with you guys!
Hola Reddit! Mi nombre es LinkToU, y u/justgord me comisionó para compartir con ustedes mi experiencia trabajando como freelancer en Venezuela. He visto un montón de posts de gente pidiendo consejos para comenzar, cuáles son las mejores plataformas para recibir dinero, y cosas así, así que esos serán los temas que trataré en esta guía para principiantes. Como dice el título, esta es una guía para personas que no tienen conocimiento de programación, sólo necesitarán un buen conocimiento de Inglés.
¿Qué tipo de trabajo se puede encontrar? Hay varios tipos de trabajos que puedes realizar sin tener ningún tipo de conocimiento específico, por ejemplo, “lead generation”, registro de data, transcripciones, escritor de artículos, o incluso asistente virtual. Podría seguir nombrando tipos de trabajo, pero lo mejor será que les diga algunos lugares para encontrar trabajo, y que ustedes decidan qué es lo mejor.
¿Dónde puedes encontrar trabajo? He trabajado principalmente a través de dos sitios web, así que hablaré un poco de mi experience en cada uno de ellos.
Spare5 (https://app.spare5.com/) es el sitio web de “crowdworking” con el que comencé a trabajar, hace dos años. Básicamente, estarás revisando diferentes imágenes, anotando y delineando diferentes objetos para ayudar a entrenar inteligencia artificial a identificar dichos objetos. Diría que lo más difícil, es comenzar en esta página, pero no es mucho más difícil que en el 2017, cuando yo comencé, así que aún es posible. Lo primero que tendrás que hacer, será completar los tutoriales, que te darán acceso a algunos calificadores, que determinarán si estás listo o no para tareas pagas (asegúrate de comprender bien cada una de las tareas, antes de comenzar a hacerlas, ya que si no las haces bien, te las quitarán y te podrían banear permanentemente.) El mínimo de pago es $1, pagado a través de PayPal, no hace falta tener una cuenta de PayPal verificada, y recibir fondos de esta página NO hará que tu cuenta de PayPal sea bloqueada. Como dije antes, lo más difícil de esta página es comenzar, al principio las tareas serán escasas, así que asegúrate de hacerlas bien, ya que esa es la única manera de garantizar que te seguirán enviando tareas. Eventualmente, te darán tareas fijas, y tu panel principal se verá algo así https://imgur.com/a/TSUASME . El pago por cada tarea es bajo, pero lo importante es encontrar una cuál sea fácil y memorizar las instrucciones. Yo he hecho hasta $20 en un par de horas, con tareas fáciles que pagaban 0.2c cada una. Sólo hace falta práctica. Últimamente no he trabajado en esta página, ya que la paga por las tareas ha disminuido, y sólo son más difíciles de hacer cada vez.
Ventajas de Spare5:
Tu pago está asegurado en esta página (A menos que te baneen por hacer las tareas mal), e incluso si tu cuenta de PayPal es bloqueada, puedes reembolsar el dinero que te hayan pagado a tu cuenta de Spare5 (Nunca lo he hecho, pero sé que se puede hacer, y el equipo de soporte de Spare5 también te asiste en esto.)
La cantidad de tareas que tienes disponibles se basa en tu desempeño en tareas previas del mismo tipo, así que si las haces bien, garantizas tener trabajo siempre que haya alguno disponible.
Hay algunas tareas que son fáciles de hacer, y pagan bien, he ganado hasta $50 en una noche solo con tareas que pagaban 0.2c cada una.
Tus ganancias en esta página no vienen solamente de las tareas, hay un sistema de referidos que te paga un 20% de los primeros $100 que cada uno de tus referidos gane, y ellos recibirán 10% más de sus primeros $100, sólamente por usar tu código de referido.
Una vez tengas suficiente experiencia en esta página, puede que el equipo de Spare5 se comunique contigo personalmente para que pruebes nuevas características que piensan añadir a la página principal, o simplemente para entrevistarte y pedirte tu opinión sobre ciertas cosas. En cualquiera de estos casos, te pagarían por tu tiempo, mucho más de lo que ganarías normalmente haciendo tareas. También existe una posición de moderador de los foros, en la cuál he escuchado que te pagan basado en la cantidad de personas que has ayudado, una vez tienes el rol de moderador.
Desventajas de Spare5:
Ya que hay un número limitado de tareas, habrá tiempos donde no habrá ninguna disponible, incluso si tienes una gran cantidad de experiencia en la página, hay ciertas épocas del año en las que simplemente no hay tareas disponibles (Usualmente, en Enero). Esto es lo que hizo que dejara esta página, y buscara una manera más consistente de generar ingresos.
Hay que leer un montón de instrucciones para completar cualquier tarea, y una vez termines de leerlas, puede que tengas que elegir otra diferente, debido a que la tarea que ibas a hacer ya no está disponible.
Estás sujeto a la revisión de otros usuarios, lo que significa que aunque completes la tarea perfectamente, si la persona que te revisa comete un error, serás castigado por eso. Incluso si tú revisas la tarea, la manera que ellos utilizan para determinar si una tarea está bien o mal, se basa en la media de los usuarios que la marcaron como correcta o incorrecta, así que si tu estás en la minoría, serás castigado por eso nuevamente.
Mis recomendaciones para Spare5
Tómate tu tiempo y lee cada una de las instrucciones. Si te banean por hacer las tareas mal, serás vetado permanentemente de este sitio web.
Si estás inseguro sobre qué hacer en un caso específico, pregúntale a la comunidad.
Si luego de leer las instrucciones, y pedirle consejo a la comunidad, sigues inseguro, omite la imagen.
No dudes en omitir las imágenes, no tiene ninguna consecuencia negativa, debes ver el botón de “Omitir”, como una herramienta cualquiera.
Lo siguiente, es Reddit, más específicamente, el subreddit donde encuentro usualmente trabajo de freelance es /slavelabour , dónde las personas publican cualquier tipo de trabajo que necesiten sea completado, junto con un método de pago, y una oferta, para encontrar a alguna persona dispuesta a hacerlo. Esta opción es especialmente buena, ya que puedes encontrar muchos tipos de trabajo, dependiendo de tus cualificaciones. Yo he hecho mayormente trabajos de registro de data, pero hay muchas otras opciones fáciles para comenzar, sólo hay que estar pendiente de cuando puedan ser publicadas nuevas oportunidades. Otros subreddits similares que frecuento pero no son tan activos como /slavelabour son: /Jobs4Bitcoins/ , /WorkOnline/ , /ForHire/ Sigan los mismos consejos que daré para /slavelabour , ya que estos funcionan de manera similar.
Se necesita un mínimo de actividad en tu cuenta de reddit para participar en estos subreddits.
Las pagas son bajas, por lo general.
Hay una gran demanda para cada oferta de trabajo, así que hay que ser rápido, y saber la mejor manera de venderse a sí mismo como candidato.
Mis recomendaciones para estos subreddits.
Si algo se ve demasiado bueno para ser verdad, probablemente lo sea.
Pide tu pago por adelantado, y construye una buena reputación en la comunidad.
Si piensas trabajar para alguien, revisa su perfil, y si algo se ve fuera de lugar, no arriesges perder tu tiempo y ser estafado.
Métodos de pago: Ahora que saben cuáles son algunos buenos lugares para empezar a conseguir trabajo, les hablaré sobre cuáles son las mejores plataformas de pago para recibir dinero, y mantenerlo seguro. Hablaré sólo de los que he usado, como PayPal, Uphold, AirTM, y recientemente, Criptomonedas. ¿Dónde recibir tus pagos?
PayPal es la manera más fácil de recibir y enviar dinero, con comisiones aceptables, y también es la más fácil de comenzar a usar. Igualmente, tu dinero no está 100% seguro en PayPal, ya que tu cuenta podría ser limitada y tu saldo retenido hasta que puedas probar que no estás recibiendo fondos de ninguna actividad ilícita, o invirtiendo en alguna. Esto último es difícil de probar, ya que vender fondos de PayPal en Dólares(USD), a cambio de la moneda Venezolana (Bs), es ilegal. Si planeas usar PayPal, recomiendo que verifiques tu cuenta con una tarjeta de crédito bajo tu nombre. Usar una tarjeta de crédito virtual, va contra los TDS de PayPal, yo igualmente usé una (Y no he tenido ningún problema), ya que no hay muchas opciones en Venezuela, debido a que es prácticamente imposible conseguir una tarjeta de crédito
Ventajas de usar PayPal
Es fácil de comenzar a usar, y enviarecibir dinero también es fácil. Es el método de pago más usado para trabajos de freelance.
Cambiar dinero de tu cuenta de PayPal a la moneda de Venezuela es fácil, ya que los compradores son fáciles de encontrar.
Puedes reembolsar tu dinero en caso de que seas estafado al intentar vender tu saldo PayPal.
Hay ciertas páginas web, y métodos que garantizan tu seguridad y la de tu cuenta PayPal al realizar ventas de tu saldo PayPal.
Puedes retirar tu dinero de PayPal, a una cuenta bancaria en dólares (o dependiendo de la moneda) de algún país extranjero, con comisiones mínimas.
Puedes usar tu balance de PayPal para comprar en ciertos sitios web, como Wish, Ebay, u otros.
Desventajas de usar PayPal
Las comisiones son altas comparadas a otras plataformas de pago.
Debes verificar tu cuenta para proteger tu dinero, y algunos compradores sólo adquieren saldo de cuentas verificadas.
El servicio al cliente de PayPal no es muy útil, o comprensivo cuando intentas recuperar una cuenta limitada.
Puede que algunos estafadores intenten reembolsar el dinero que te enviaron luego de que terminas el trabajo, y tendrás que disputar su reembolso.
Existe la posibilidad de que tu cuenta sea límitada (aunque nunca me ha sucedido).
Mis recomendaciones para usar PayPal
Primero que nada, verifica tu cuenta, esto hará las cosas mucho más fáciles para tí, y podrás usar tu balance de PayPal para comprar en eStores.
No envíes ni recibas pequeñas cantidades de dinero de otras personas, yo personalmente evito recibir cantidades menores a $5, y no acepto ninguna cantidad menor a $1.
Realiza tus cambios sólo con personas en las que confíes, busca referencias de personas que conozcas, y no confíes en extraños. Tener un comprador fijo es la mejor manera de mantener tu dinero seguro, aunque no siempre ofrecen el mejor precio.
Evita los reembolsos y las disputas, ya que eso atraerá atención no deseada a tu cuenta de PayPal. Es mejor perder $10 por un estafador, que todo el saldo de tu cuenta por un bloqueo.
Uphold es otra plataforma similar a paypal, con comisiones similares. El punto a favor de esta plataforma, es que puedes intercambiar tus fondos de USD, a muchas otras criptomonedas, u otra moneda extranjera, al costo de una comisión relativamente pequeña. No he usado mucho este método, lo utilizaba principalmente por la función de crear una tarjeta de crédito virtual, pero esta está temporalmente desactivada.
Ventajas de usar Uphold
Puedes intercambiar tu saldo de USD a otra moneda, o incluso criptomonedas, fácilmente.
En el futuro, es posible que vuelva la función de crear una tarjeta de crédito virtual.
No tiene el problema de limitación de PayPal.
No es difícil de usar.
Las comisiones no son muy altas.
Aunque no muchas personas usen Uphold, puedes recibir pagos en criptomonedas aquí.
Desventajas de usar Uphold
En mi experiencia, las transacciones con criptomonedas tardan horas en ser confirmadas.
Configurar tu cuenta para comenzar a utilizar Uphold no es tan fácil como en otras opciones.
AirTM es una billetera electrónica donde puedes guardar tu dinero, e intercambiarlo a otras monedas, o incluso comprar monedas extranjeras con tu moneda local, todo en la misma plataforma. No he utilizado mucho esta plataforma, debido a que las comisiones son ridículamente altas, pero siempre la he visto como una especie de plan de contingencia, en caso de que necesite dinero, y no haya ninguna otra opción disponible.
Ventajas de usar AirTM
Puedes recibir dinero, y encontrar compradores en una misma plataforma.
Tiene todas las herramientas necesarias para cambiar tu dinero 100% seguro.
Es la opción más fácil en términos de pasar de recibir dinero a cambiarlo a otras monedas.
Desventajas de usar AirTM:
Las comisione son extremadamente altas.
No es tan fácil configurar tu cuenta, y tomará algo de tiempo acostumbrarte a usar esta plataforma.
Pide un montón de cosas para verificar tu identidad.
El gobierno de Venezuela ha bloqueado previamente esta plataforma, y dijo estar “buscando a todos los delincuentes vinculados a esta página criminal”.
Finalmente, Criptomonedas, empecé a usar este método de pago recientemente, pero hasta ahora, es mi favorito, y probablemente sea el que utilice de ahora en adelante para recibir mis pagos, ya que es fácil de configurar, y en mi opinión, la mejor forma de recibir pagos, ya que cuenta con las comisiones más bajas por transacción, mantiene tu identidad segura, y el ratio de intercambio de criptomoneda a moneda venezolana es bueno. Diría que no hay ninguna desventaja a recibir tus pagos en criptomonedas, ya que incluso si te preocupa que el precio de la criptomoneda baje, puedes usar un sitio web de algún tercero para cambiar tus criptomonedas a cualquier otra plataforma de tu preferencia, a un buen precio. Las criptomonedas que he utilizado son Bitcoin Cash (BCH), Bitcoin (BTC) y Ethereum (ETH), todas las transacciones que he realizado no han tardado más de 30 minutos en completarse, con la excepción de cuando usé SideshiftAI para cambiar mi saldo BCH a BTC, y aún en ese caso, tardó cerca de una hora. Crear una billetera es fácil, igualmente, aquí hay una guía para comenzar en BTC y BCH. https://bitcoin.org/es/como-empezar Otro punto en el favor de las criptomonedas, es que algunas tiendas en Venezuela han comenzado a aceptar estas como método de pago, hay una app en la Google Play Store llamada “CryptoLugaresVE” Con una lista de lugares que aceptan criptomonedas como forma de pago.
Ventajas de Usar Criptomonedas:
Las comisiones son extremadamente bajas
Buen ratio de cambio a otras monedas.
Fácil de usar
Puedes ganar dinero potencialmente, si la criptomoneda que usas aumenta en precio.
Puedes usarla como método de pago en muchas tiendas virtuales, y algunas tiendas de Venezuela.
No es posible reembolsar pagos que te hayan enviado.
Desventajas de usar Criptomonedas
Puedes perder dinero si la criptomoneda que usas pierde valor.
No puedes reembolsar tus pagos.
Las transacciones pueden tardar un montón de tiempo en completarse.
Debido a la volatilidad del precio de las criptomonedas, no es buena opción para guardar tus ahorros.
Mis recomendaciones para usar Criptomonedas
No guardes dinero que no puedes perder en criptomonedas, así, si el precio baja, no perderás mucho.
Intercambia tus criptomonedas sólo con compradores confiables, o utiliza algún sitio web de terceros que asegure tu dinero.
Cambia la dirección de tu billetera luego de cada transacción.
Por último, hablaré sobre un par de sitios web donde pueden intercambiar dinero de dólares, a la moneda local venezolana. Aparte de estos, existen otros sitios webs de confianza, y siempre está la posibilidad de encontrar una persona de confianza para realizar todos sus cambios de USD - Bs.
¿Dónde puedo cambiar mis ganancias de forma segura a la moneda local de Venezuela?
Appbb (https://www.appbb.co/) es una tienda virtual que también compra saldo de diferentes plataformas (Payoneer, Uphold, Paypal, Criptos, etc.), y aunque no tienen las mejores tasas, son una opción confiable, segura y buena. Lo malo de esta página es que tienen una cantidad limitada de cupos por día, así que tendrán que esperar a que la tienda abra cada día, y agarrar su cupo rápidamente. No he usado esta tienda en algún tiempo, sé que han cambiado un par de cosas y ya no estoy tan seguro de cómo funciona, pero pueden escribir directamente a su página de facebook y su equipo de soporte siempre está atento allí.
Localbitcoins (https://localbitcoins.com/) es un sitio web de intercambios donde puedes vender o comprar bitcoins de diferentes usuarios de forma segura. Este sitio web solo funciona para vender Bitcoins, pero es posible comprar bitcoins con dinero de cualquier otra plataforma, con una buena tasa, para luego venderlos.
Foro-Ptc (https://www.foro-ptc.com/) es un foro dedicado a generar ganancias online, hay muchos recursos interesantes aquí que les recomiendo lean, pero más importante, hay una sección completa dedicada a la venta y compra de dólares por la moneda local. Hace falta una cuenta con 30 días de antigüedad, y algunos posts antes de poder enviar mensajes privados a cualquier persona, pero hay algunos vendedores designados a quienes podrás enviar mensajes sin importar la antigüedad de tu cuenta, con quienes podrás hacer intercambios sin tener que esperar.
Eso es todo por ahora, probablemente siga actualizando la guía mediante vaya aprendiendo nuevas cosas, o con sus recomendaciones. Sólo quiero agradecerle a u/Justgord por darme la oportunidad para compartir todo esto con ustedes!
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