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DFINITY Research Report

DFINITY Research Report
Author: Gamals Ahmed, CoinEx Business Ambassador
ABSTRACT
The DFINITY blockchain computer provides a secure, performant and flexible consensus mechanism. At its core, DFINITY contains a decentralized randomness beacon, which acts as a verifiable random function (VRF) that produces a stream of outputs over time. The novel technique behind the beacon relies on the existence of a unique-deterministic, non-interactive, DKG-friendly threshold signatures scheme. The only known examples of such a scheme are pairing-based and derived from BLS.
The DFINITY blockchain is layered on top of the DFINITY beacon and uses the beacon as its source of randomness for leader selection and leader ranking. A “weight” is attributed to a chain based on the ranks of the leaders who propose the blocks in the chain, and that weight is used to select between competing chains. The DFINITY blockchain is layered on top of the DFINITY beacon and uses the beacon as its source of randomness for leader selection and leader ranking blockchain is further hardened by a notarization process which dramatically improves the time to finality and eliminates the nothing-at-stake and selfish mining attacks.
DFINITY consensus algorithm is made to scale through continuous quorum selections driven by the random beacon. In practice, DFINITY achieves block times of a few seconds and transaction finality after only two confirmations. The system gracefully handles temporary losses of network synchrony including network splits, while it is provably secure under synchrony.

1.INTRODUCTION

DFINITY is building a new kind of public decentralized cloud computing resource. The company’s platform uses blockchain technology which is aimed at building a new kind of public decentralized cloud computing resource with unlimited capacity, performance and algorithmic governance shared by the world, with the capability to power autonomous self-updating software systems, enabling organizations to design and deploy custom-tailored cloud computing projects, thereby reducing enterprise IT system costs by 90%.
DFINITY aims to explore new territory and prove that the blockchain opportunity is far broader and deeper than anyone has hitherto realized, unlocking the opportunity with powerful new crypto.
Although a standalone project, DFINITY is not maximalist minded and is a great supporter of Ethereum.
The DFINITY blockchain computer provides a secure, performant and flexible consensus mechanism. At its core, DFINITY contains a decentralized randomness beacon, which acts as a verifiable random function (VRF) that produces a stream of outputs over time. The novel technique behind the beacon relies on the existence of a unique-deterministic, non-interactive, DKG-friendly threshold signatures scheme. The only known examples of such a scheme are pairing-based and derived from BLS.
DFINITY’s consensus mechanism has four layers: notary (provides fast finality guarantees to clients and external observers), blockchain (builds a blockchain from validated transactions via the Probabilistic Slot Protocol driven by the random beacon), random beacon (provides the source of randomness for all higher layers like smart contract applications), and identity (provides a registry of all clients).
DFINITY’s consensus mechanism has four layers

Figure1: DFINITY’s consensus mechanism layers
1. Identity layer:
Active participants in the DFINITY Network are called clients. Where clients are registered with permanent identities under a pseudonym. Moreover, DFINITY supports open membership by providing a protocol for registering new clients by depositing a stake with an insurance period. This is the responsibility of the first layer.
2. Random Beacon layer:
Provides the source of randomness (VRF) for all higher layers including ap- plications (smart contracts). The random beacon in the second layer is an unbiasable, verifiable random function (VRF) that is produced jointly by registered clients. Each random output of the VRF is unpredictable by anyone until just before it becomes avail- able to everyone. This is a key technology of the DFINITY system, which relies on a threshold signature scheme with the properties of uniqueness and non-interactivity.

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3. Blockchain layer:
The third layer deploys the “probabilistic slot protocol” (PSP). This protocol ranks the clients for each height of the chain, in an order that is derived determin- istically from the unbiased output of the random beacon for that height. A weight is then assigned to block proposals based on the proposer’s rank such that blocks from clients at the top of the list receive a higher weight. Forks are resolved by giving favor to the “heaviest” chain in terms of accumulated block weight — quite sim- ilar to how traditional proof-of-work consensus is based on the highest accumulated amount of work.
The first advantage of the PSP protocol is that the ranking is available instantaneously, which allows for a predictable, constant block time. The second advantage is that there is always a single highest-ranked client, which allows for a homogenous network bandwidth utilization. Instead, a race between clients would favor a usage in bursts.
4. Notarization layer:
Provides fast finality guarantees to clients and external observers. DFINITY deploys the novel technique of block notarization in its fourth layer to speed up finality. A notarization is a threshold signature under a block created jointly by registered clients. Only notarized blocks can be included in a chain. Of all RSA-based alternatives exist but suffer from an impracticality of setting up the thresh- old keys without a trusted dealer.
DFINITY achieves its high speed and short block times exactly because notarization is not full consensus.
DFINITY does not suffer from selfish mining attack or a problem nothing at stake because the authentication step is impossible for the opponent to build and maintain a series of linked and trusted blocks in secret.
DFINITY’s consensus is designed to operate on a network of millions of clients. To en- able scalability to this extent, the random beacon and notarization protocols are designed such as that they can be safely and efficiently delegated to a committee

1.1 OVERVIEW ABOUT DFINITY

DFINITY is a blockchain-based cloud-computing project that aims to develop an open, public network, referred to as the “internet computer,” to host the next generation of software and data. and it is a decentralized and non-proprietary network to run the next generation of mega-applications. It dubbed this public network “Cloud 3.0”.
DFINITY is a third generation virtual blockchain network that sets out to function as an “intelligent decentralised cloud,”¹ strongly focused on delivering a viable corporate cloud solution. The DFINITY project is overseen, supported and promoted by DFINITY Stiftung a not-for-profit foundation based in Zug, Switzerland.
DFINITY is a decentralized network design whose protocols generate a reliable “virtual blockchain computer” running on top of a peer-to-peer network upon which software can be installed and can operate in the tamperproof mode of smart contracts.
DFINITY introduces algorithmic governance in the form of a “Blockchain Nervous System” that can protect users from attacks and help restart broken systems, dynamically optimize network security and efficiency, upgrade the protocol and mitigate misuse of the platform, for example by those wishing to run illegal or immoral systems.
DFINITY is an Ethereum-compatible smart contract platform that is implementing some revolutionary ideas to address blockchain performance, scaling, and governance. Whereas
DFINITY could pose a credible threat to Ethereum’s extinction, the project is pursuing a coevolutionary strategy by contributing funding and effort to Ethereum projects and freely offering their technology to Ethereum for adoption. DFINITY has labeled itself Ethereum’s “crazy sister” to express it’s close genetic resemblance to Ethereum, differentiated by its obsession with performance and neuron-inspired governance model.
Dfinity raised $61 million from Andreesen Horowitz and Polychain Capital in a February 2018 funding round. At the time, Dfinity said it wanted to create an “internet computer” to cut the costs of running cloud-based business applications. A further $102 million funding round in August 2018 brought the project’s total funding to $195 million.
In May 2018, Dfinity announced plans to distribute around $35 million worth of Dfinity tokens in an airdrop. It was part of the company’s plan to create a “Cloud 3.0.” Because of regulatory concerns, none of the tokens went to US residents.
DFINITY be broadening and strengthening the EVM ecosystem by giving applications a choice of platforms with different characteristics. However, if DFINITY succeeds in delivering a fully EVM-compatible smart contract platform with higher transaction throughput, faster confirmation times, and governance mechanisms that can resolve public disputes without causing community splits, then it will represent a clearly superior choice for deploying new applications and, as its network effects grow, an attractive place to bring existing ones. Of course the challenge for DFINITY will be to deliver on these promises while meeting the security demands of a public chain with significant value at risk.

1.1.1 DFINITY FUTURE

  • DFINITY aims to explore new blockchain territory related to the original goals of the Ethereum project and is sometimes considered “Ethereum’s crazy sister.”
  • DFINITY is developing blockchain-based infrastructure to support a new style of the internet (akin to Ethereum’s “World Computer”), one in which the internet itself will support software applications and data rather than various cloud hosting providers.
  • The project suggests this reinvented software platform can simplify the development of new software systems, reduce the human capital needed to maintain and secure data, and preserve user data privacy.
  • Dfinity aims to reduce the costs of cloud services by creating a decentralized “internet computer” which may launch in 2020
  • Dfinity claims transactions on its network are finalized in 3–5 seconds, compared to 1 hour for Bitcoin and 10 minutes for Ethereum.

1.1.2 DFINITY’S VISION

DFINITY’s vision is its new internet infrastructure can support a wide variety of end-user and enterprise applications. Social media, messaging, search, storage, and peer-to-peer Internet interactions are all examples of functionalities that DFINITY plans to host atop its public Web 3.0 cloud-like computing resource. In order to provide the transaction and data capacity necessary to support this ambitious vision, DFINITY features a unique consensus model (dubbed Threshold Relay) and algorithmic governance via its Blockchain Nervous System (BNS) — sometimes also referred to as the Network Nervous System or NNS.

1.2 DFINITY COMMUNITY

The DFINITY community brings people and organizations together to learn and collaborate on products that help steward the next-generation of internet software and services. The Internet Computer allows developers to take on the monopolization of the internet, and return the internet back to its free and open roots. We’re committed to connecting those who believe the same through our events, content, and discussions.

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1.3 DFINITY ROADMAP (TIMELINE) February 15, 2017

February 15, 2017
Ethereum based community seed round raises 4M Swiss francs (CHF)
The DFINITY Stiftung, a not-for-profit foundation entity based in Zug, Switzerland, raised the round. The foundation held $10M of assets as of April 2017.
February 8, 2018
Dfinity announces a $61M fundraising round led by Polychain Capital and Andreessen Horowitz
The round $61M round led by Polychain Capital and Andreessen Horowitz, along with an DFINITY Ecosystem Venture Fund which will be used to support projects developing on the DFINITY platform, and an Ethereum based raise in 2017 brings the total funding for the project over $100 million. This is the first cryptocurrency token that Andressen Horowitz has invested in, led by Chris Dixon.
August 2018
Dfinity raises a $102,000,000 venture round from Multicoin Capital, Village Global, Aspect Ventures, Andreessen Horowitz, Polychain Capital, Scalar Capital, Amino Capital and SV Angel.
January 23, 2020
Dfinity launches an open source platform aimed at the social networking giants

2.DFINITY TECHNOLOGY

Dfinity is building what it calls the internet computer, a decentralized technology spread across a network of independent data centers that allows software to run anywhere on the internet rather than in server farms that are increasingly controlled by large firms, such as Amazon Web Services or Google Cloud. This week Dfinity is releasing its software to third-party developers, who it hopes will start making the internet computer’s killer apps. It is planning a public release later this year.
At its core, the DFINITY consensus mechanism is a variation of the Proof of Stake (PoS) model, but offers an alternative to traditional Proof of Work (PoW) and delegated PoS (dPoS) networks. Threshold Relay intends to strike a balance between inefficiencies of decentralized PoW blockchains (generally characterized by slow block times) and the less robust game theory involved in vote delegation (as seen in dPoS blockchains). In DFINITY, a committee of “miners” is randomly selected to add a new block to the chain. An individual miner’s probability of being elected to the committee proposing and computing the next block (or blocks) is proportional to the number of dfinities the miner has staked on the network. Further, a “weight” is attributed to a DFINITY chain based on the ranks of the miners who propose blocks in the chain, and that weight is used to choose between competing chains (i.e. resolve chain forks).
A decentralized random beacon manages the random selection process of temporary block producers. This beacon is a Variable Random Function (VRF), which is a pseudo-random function that provides publicly verifiable proofs of its outputs’ correctness. A core component of the random beacon is the use of Boneh-Lynn-Shacham (BLS) signatures. By leveraging the BLS signature scheme, the DFINITY protocol ensures no actor in the network can determine the outcome of the next random assignment.
Dfinity is introducing a new standard, which it calls the internet computer protocol (ICP). These new rules let developers move software around the internet as well as data. All software needs computers to run on, but with ICP the computers could be anywhere. Instead of running on a dedicated server in Google Cloud, for example, the software would have no fixed physical address, moving between servers owned by independent data centers around the world. “Conceptually, it’s kind of running everywhere,” says Dfinity engineering manager Stanley Jones.
DFINITY also features a native programming language, called ActorScript (name may be subject to change), and a virtual machine for smart contract creation and execution. The new smart contract language is intended to simplify the management of application state for programmers via an orthogonal persistence environment (which means active programs are
not required to retrieve or save their state). All ActorScript contracts are eventually compiled down to WebAssembly instructions so the DFINITY virtual machine layer can execute the logic of applications running on the network. The advantage of using the WebAssembly standard is that all major browsers support it and a variety of programming languages can compile down to Wasm (not just ActorScript).
Dfinity is moving fast. Recently, Dfinity showed off a TikTok clone called CanCan. In January it demoed a LinkedIn-alike called LinkedUp. Neither app is being made public, but they make a convincing case that apps made for the internet computer can rival the real things.

2.1 DFINITY CORE APPLICATIONS

The DFINITY cloud has two core applications:
  1. Enabling the re-engineering of business: DFINITY ambitiously aims to facilitate the re-engineering of mass-market services (such as Web Search, Ridesharing Services, Messaging Services, Social Media, Supply Chain, etc) into open source businesses that leverage autonomous software and decentralised governance systems to operate and update themselves more efficiently.
  2. Enable the re-engineering of enterprise IT systems to reduce costs: DFINITY seeks to re-engineer enterprise IT systems to take advantage of the unique properties that blockchain computer networks provide.
At present, computation on blockchain-based computer networks is far more expensive than traditional, centralised solutions (Amazon Web Services, Microsoft Azure, Google Cloud Platform, etc). Despite increasing computational cost, DFINITY intends to lower net costs “by 90% or more” through reducing the human capital cost associated with sustaining and supporting these services.
Whilst conceptually similar to Ethereum, DFINITY employs original and new cryptography methods and protocols (crypto:3) at the network level, in concert with AI and network-fuelled systemic governance (Blockchain Nervous System — BNS) to facilitate Corporate adoption.
DFINITY recognises that different users value different properties and sees itself as more of a fully compatible extension of the Ethereum ecosystem rather than a competitor of the Ethereum network.
In the future, DFINITY hopes that much of their “new crypto might be used within the Ethereum network and are also working hard on shared technology components.”
As the DFINITY project develops over time, the DFINITY Stiftung foundation intends to steadily increase the BNS’ decision-making responsibilities over time, eventually resulting in the dissolution of its own involvement entirely, once the BNS is sufficiently sophisticated.
DFINITY consensus mechanism is a heavily optimized proof of stake (PoS) model. It places a strong emphasis on transaction finality through implementing a Threshold Relay technique in conjunction with the BLS signature scheme and a notarization method to address many of the problems associated with PoS consensus.

2.2 THRESHOLD RELAY

As a public cloud computing resource, DFINITY targets business applications by substantially reducing cloud computing costs for IT systems. They aim to achieve this with a highly scalable and powerful network with potentially unlimited capacity. The DFINITY platform is chalk full of innovative designs and features like their Blockchain Nervous System (BNS) for algorithmic governance.
One of the primary components of the platform is its novel Threshold Relay Consensus model from which randomness is produced, driving the other systems that the network depends on to operate effectively. The consensus system was first designed for a permissioned participation model but can be paired with any method of Sybil resistance for an open participation model.
“The Threshold Relay is the mechanism by which Dfinity randomly samples replicas into groups, sets the groups (committees) up for threshold operation, chooses the current committee, and relays from one committee to the next is called the threshold relay.”
Threshold Relay consists of four layers (As mentioned previously):
  1. Notary layer, which provides fast finality guarantees to clients and external observers and eliminates nothing-at-stake and selfish mining attacks, providing Sybil attack resistance.
  2. Blockchain layer that builds a blockchain from validated transactions via the Probabilistic Slot Protocol driven by the random beacon.
  3. Random beacon, which as previously covered, provides the source of randomness for all higher layers like the blockchain layer smart contract applications.
  4. Identity layer that provides a registry of all clients.

2.2.1 HOW DOES THRESHOLD RELAY WORK?

Threshold Relay produces an endogenous random beacon, and each new value defines random group(s) of clients that may independently try and form into a “threshold group”. The composition of each group is entirely random such that they can intersect and clients can be presented in multiple groups. In DFINITY, each group is comprised of 400 members. When a group is defined, the members attempt to set up a BLS threshold signature system using a distributed key generation protocol. If they are successful within some fixed number of blocks, they then register the public key (“identity”) created for their group on the global blockchain using a special transaction, such that it will become part of the set of active groups in a following “epoch”. The network begins at “genesis” with some number of predefined groups, one of which is nominated to create a signature on some default value. Such signatures are random values — if they were not then the group’s signatures on messages would be predictable and the threshold signature system insecure — and each random value produced thus is used to select a random successor group. This next group then signs the previous random value to produce a new random value and select another group, relaying between groups ad infinitum and producing a sequence of random values.
In a cryptographic threshold signature system a group can produce a signature on a message upon the cooperation of some minimum threshold of its members, which is set to 51% in the DFINITY network. To produce the threshold signature, group members sign the message
individually (here the preceding group’s threshold signature) creating individual “signature shares” that are then broadcast to other group members. The group threshold signature can be constructed upon combination of a sufficient threshold of signature shares. So for example, if the group size is 400, if the threshold is set at 201 any client that collects that many shares will be able to construct the group’s signature on the message. Other group members can validate each signature share, and any client using the group’s public key can validate the single group threshold signature produced by combining them. The magic of the BLS scheme is that it is “unique and deterministic” meaning that from whatever subset of group members the required number of signature shares are collected, the single threshold signature created is always the same and only a single correct value is possible.
Consequently, the sequence of random values produced is entirely deterministic and unmanipulable, and signatures generated by relaying between groups produces a Verifiable Random Function, or VRF. Although the sequence of random values is pre-determined given some set of participating groups, each new random value can only be produced upon the minimal agreement of a threshold of the current group. Conversely, in order for relaying to stall because a random number was not produced, the number of correct processes must be below the threshold. Thresholds are configured so that this is extremely unlikely. For example, if the group size is set to 400, and the threshold is 201, 200 or more of the processes must become faulty to prevent production. If there are 10,000 processes in the network, of which 3,000 are faulty, the probability this will occur is less than 10e-17.

2.3 DFINITY TOKEN

The DFINITY blockchain also supports a native token, called dfinities (DFN), which perform multiple roles within the network, including:
  1. Fuel for deploying and running smart contracts.
  2. Security deposits (i.e. staking) that enable participation in the BNS governance system.
  3. Security deposits that allow client software or private DFINITY cloud networks to connect to the public network.
Although dfinities will end up being assigned a value by the market, the DFINITY team does not intend for DFN to act as a currency. Instead, the project has envisioned PHI, a “next-generation” crypto-fiat scheme, to act as a stable medium of exchange within the DFINITY ecosystem.
Neuron operators can earn Dfinities by participating in network-wide votes, which could be concerning protocol upgrades, a new economic policy, etc. DFN rewards for participating in the governance system are proportional to the number of tokens staked inside a neuron.

2.4 SCALABILITY

DFINITY is constantly developing with a structure that separates consensus, validation, and storage into separate layers. The storage layer is divided into multiple strings, each of which is responsible for processing transactions that occur in the fragment state. The verification layer is responsible for combining hashes of all fragments in a Merkle-like structure that results in a global state fractionation that is stored in blocks in the top-level chain.

2.5 DFINITY CONSENSUS ALGORITHM

The single most important aspect of the user experience is certainly the time required before a transaction becomes final. This is not solved by a short block time alone — Dfinity’s team also had to reduce the number of confirmations required to a small constant. DFINITY moreover had to provide a provably secure proof-of-stake algorithm that scales to millions of active participants without compromising any bit on decentralization.
Dfinity soon realized that the key to scalability lay in having an unmanipulable source of randomness available. Hence they built a scalable decentralized random beacon, based on what they call the Threshold Relay technique, right into the foundation of the protocol. This strong foundation drives a scalable and fast consensus layer: On top of the beacon runs a blockchain which utilizes notarization by threshold groups to achieve near-instant finality. Details can be found in the overview paper that we are releasing today.
The roots of the DFINITY consensus mechanism date back to 2014 when thair Chief Scientist, Dominic Williams, started to look for more efficient ways to drive large consensus networks. Since then, much research has gone into the protocol and it took several iterations to reach its current design.
For any practical consensus system the difficulty lies in navigating the tight terrain that one is given between the boundaries imposed by theoretical impossibility-results and practical performance limitations.
The first key milestone was the novel Threshold Relay technique for decentralized, deterministic randomness, which is made possible by certain unique characteristics of the BLS signature system. The next breakthrough was the notarization technique, which allows DFINITY consensus to solve the traditional problems that come with proof-of-stake systems. Getting the security proofs sound was the final step before publication.
DFINITY consensus has made the proper trade-offs between the practical side (realistic threat models and security assumptions) and the theoretical side (provable security). Out came a flexible, tunable algorithm, which we expect will establish itself as the best performing proof-of-stake algorithm. In particular, having the built-in random beacon will prove to be indispensable when building out sharding and scalable validation techniques.

2.6 LINKEDUP

The startup has rather cheekily called this “an open version of LinkedIn,” the Microsoft-owned social network for professionals. Unlike LinkedIn, LinkedUp, which runs on any browser, is not owned or controlled by a corporate entity.
LinkedUp is built on Dfinity’s so-called Internet Computer, its name for the platform it is building to distribute the next generation of software and open internet services.
The software is hosted directly on the internet on a Switzerland-based independent data center, but in the concept of the Internet Computer, it could be hosted at your house or mine. The compute power to run the application LinkedUp, in this case — is coming not from Amazon AWS, Google Cloud or Microsoft Azure, but is instead based on the distributed architecture that Dfinity is building.
Specifically, Dfinity notes that when enterprises and developers run their web apps and enterprise systems on the Internet Computer, the content is decentralized across a minimum of four or a maximum of an unlimited number of nodes in Dfinity’s global network of independent data centers.
Dfinity is an open source for LinkedUp to developers for creating other types of open internet services on the architecture it has built.
“Open Social Network for Professional Profiles” suggests that on Dfinity model one can create “Open WhatsApp”, “Open eBay”, “Open Salesforce” or “Open Facebook”.
The tools include a Canister Software Developer Kit and a simple programming language called Motoko that is optimized for Dfinity’s Internet Computer.
“The Internet Computer is conceived as an alternative to the $3.8 trillion legacy IT stack, and empowers the next generation of developers to build a new breed of tamper-proof enterprise software systems and open internet services. We are democratizing software development,” Williams said. “The Bronze release of the Internet Computer provides developers and enterprises a glimpse into the infinite possibilities of building on the Internet Computer — which also reflects the strength of the Dfinity team we have built so far.”
Dfinity says its “Internet Computer Protocol” allows for a new type of software called autonomous software, which can guarantee permanent APIs that cannot be revoked. When all these open internet services (e.g. open versions of WhatsApp, Facebook, eBay, Salesforce, etc.) are combined with other open software and services it creates “mutual network effects” where everyone benefits.
On 1 November, DFINITY has released 13 new public versions of the SDK, to our second major milestone [at WEF Davos] of demoing a decentralized web app called LinkedUp on the Internet Computer. Subsequent milestones towards the public launch of the Internet Computer will involve:
  1. On boarding a global network of independent data centers.
  2. Fully tested economic system.
  3. Fully tested Network Nervous Systems for configuration and upgrades

2.7 WHAT IS MOTOKO?

Motoko is a new software language being developed by the DFINITY Foundation, with an accompanying SDK, that is designed to help the broadest possible audience of developers create reliable and maintainable websites, enterprise systems and internet services on the Internet Computer with ease. By developing the Motoko language, the DFINITY Foundation will ensure that a language that is highly optimized for the new environment is available. However, the Internet Computer can support any number of different software frameworks, and the DFINITY Foundation is also working on SDKs that support the Rust and C languages. Eventually, it is expected there will be many different SDKs that target the Internet Computer.
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Bitcoin SV Price Prediction 2020

Bitcoin SV Price Prediction 2020
What is Bitcoin SV (BSV)?
Bitcoin SV appeared as a result of the Bitcoin Cash hard fork in November 2018.
The idea to create a new cryptocurrency came from entrepreneur Craig Wright. He tried to solve the scalability issue and increased the block size to 128MB. Later Craig Wright announced that he is the real Satoshi Nakamoto and Bitcoin SV is the original Bitcoin. SV stands for Satoshi Vision.
by StealthEX
Bitcoin SV has the plan for a stable protocol and massive on-chain scaling to become the world’s new money and the global public blockchain for enterprise. Today BSV coin is one of the TOP-10 cryptocurrencies by market capitalization.

Bitcoin SV Statistics

Source: CoinMarketCap, Data was taken on 16 July 2020 by StealthEX
Current Price $176.3
ROI since launch 99.66%
Market Cap $3,254,911,090
Market Rank #6
Circulating Supply 18,461,896 BSV
Total Supply 18,461,896 BSV

Bitcoin SV achievements and future plans

In 2019 the project has gone through the following milestones:
• Upgraded Quasar protocol and as a result the block size was lifted from 128 MB to 2 GB.
• Bitcoin SV handled up to 20,000,000 transactions per day.
• Worked on the technical development: Paymail, Nakasendo, Keyring, sCrypt, GearSV, Datapay was launched.
• More than 300 development projects, apps were launched for the BSV network.
• Celebrated the project’s first birthday.

What to expect in the future?

According to the official roadmap, the Bitcoin SV team will continue working on:
• Stability to give enterprises the confidence to create their apps on top of BSV.
• Scalability. The developers intend to provide the capacity for BSV to act as the foundation for the entire financial world.
• Security and excellent payment experience. The BSV project will concentrate on both measurement and improvement of transactions safety, fast transaction propagation, and miner-configurable fee policies.

Bitcoin SV Technical Analysis

Source: Tradingview, Data was taken on 16 July 2020 by StealthX

Bitcoin SV Price Prediction 2020

TradingBeasts BSV price prediction

In August 2020 BSV crypto may reach a maximum price of $209.095 (+18.60%), while it’s the average price will be around $166.599 per coin (-5.50%). According to TradingBeasts forecasts, the Bitcoin SV price is going to decrease and by the end of 2020, the average BSV price is expected to be $168.674 (-4.33%).

Wallet investor BSV coin price prediction

Wallet investor.com thinks that Bitcoin SV is an awesome long-term investment and predicts a wide selection of digital coins like Bitcoin SV. The project may reach $269.566 as the maximum price by the end of December 2020 (+52.80%) while the average price will stay around $196.916 per coin (+11.69%).

Crypto-Rating BSV price prediction

Crypto-Rating says that BSV will return to the $200 mark (+13.44%), or maybe even exceed it if BTC climbs above $10,000. If not, it might remain between $200 and $100, unless a new bear market strikes.

DigitalCoinPrice BSV price prediction

According to DigitalCoinPrice Bitcoin SV price will increase in the near future. By the end of the year 2020, the average price will be $284.19 per coin (+61.19%).

Where to buy BSV coin

Bitcoin SV (BSV) is available for exchange on StealthEX with a low fee. Follow these easy steps:
✔ Choose the pair and the amount for your exchange. For example BTC to BSV.
✔ Press the “Start exchange” button.
✔ Provide the recipient address to which the coins will be transferred.
✔ Move your cryptocurrency for the exchange.
✔ Receive your coins.
Follow us on Medium, Twitter, Facebook, and Reddit to get StealthEX.io updates and the latest news about the crypto world. For all requests message us via [email protected]
The views and opinions expressed here are solely those of the author. Every investment and trading move involves risk. You should conduct your own research when making a decision.
Original article was posted on https://stealthex.io/blog/2020/07/16/bitcoin-sv-price-prediction-2020/
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A Glance at the Heart: Proof-of-Authority Technology in the UMI Network

A Glance at the Heart: Proof-of-Authority Technology in the UMI Network

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Greetings from the UMI Team! Our Whitepaper describes in detail the key pros and cons of the two mechanisms which the great majority of other cryptocurrencies are based on:
Proof-of-Work (PoW) — mining technology. Used in Bitcoin, Ethereum, Litecoin, Monero, etc.
Proof-of-Stake (PoS) and its derivatives — forging technology. Used in Nxt, PeerCoin, NEO, PRIZM, etc.
As a result of a careful analysis of PoW and PoS, which are designed to fight against centralization, there came a conclusion that they both fail to perform their main mission and, in the long run, they lead to the network centralization and poor performance. For this reason, we took a different approach. We use Proof-of-Authority (PoA) algorithm coupled with master nodes, which can ensure the UMI network with decentralization and maximum speed.
The Whitepaper allows you to understand the obvious things. This article will give you a clear and detailed explanation of the technology implemented in the UMI network. Let's glance at the heart of the network right now.
Proof-of-Authority: How and Why It Emerged
It's been over a decade since the first transaction in the Bitcoin network. Over this time, the blockchain technology has undergone some qualitative changes. It's down to the fact that the cryptocurrency world seeing the emerging Proof-of-Work defects in the Bitcoin network year after year has actively searched for ways to eliminate them.
PoW decentralization and reliability has an underside of low capacity and scalability problem that prevents the network from rectifying this shortcoming. Moreover, with the growing popularity of Bitcoin, greed of miners who benefit from high fees resulting from the low network throughput has become a serious problem. Miners have also started to create pools making the network more and more centralized. The “human factor” that purposefully slowed down the network and undermined its security could never be eliminated. All this essentially limits the potential for using PoW-based cryptocurrencies on a bigger scale.
Since PoW upgrade ideas came to nothing, crypto community activists have suggested cardinally new solutions and started to develop other protocols. This is how the Proof-of-Stake technology emerged. However, it proved to be excellent in theory rather than in practice. Overall, PoS-based cryptocurrencies do demonstrate a higher capacity, but the difference is not as striking. Moreover, PoS could not fully solve the scalability issue.
In the hope that it could cope with the disaster plaguing all cryptocurrencies, the community came up with brand new algorithms based on alternative operating principles. One of them is the Proof-of-Authority technology. It was meant to be an effective alternative with a high capacity and a solution to the scalability problem. The idea of using PoA in cryptocurrencies was offered by Gavin Wood — a high-profile blockchain programmer and Ethereum co-founder.
Proof-of-Authority Major Features
PoA's major difference from PoW and PoS lies in the elimination of miner or forger races. Network users do not fight for the right to be the first to create a block and receive an award, as it happens with cryptocurrencies based on other technologies. In this case blockchain's operating principle is substantially different — Proof-of-Authority uses the “reputation system” and only allows trusted nodes to create blocks.
It solves the scalability problem allowing to considerably increase capacity and handle transactions almost instantly without wasting time on unnecessary calculations made by miners and forgers. Moreover, trusted nodes must meet the strict capacity requirements. This is one the main reasons why we have selected PoA since this is the only technology allowing to fully use super-fast nodes.
Due to these features, the Proof-of-Authority algorithm is seen as one of the most effective and promising options for bringing blockchain to various business sectors. For instance, its model perfectly fits the logistics and supply chain management sectors. As an outstanding example, PoA is effectively used by the Microsoft Azure cloud platform to offer various tools for bringing blockchain solutions to businesses.
How the UMI Network Gets Rid of the Defects and Incorporates the Benefits of Proof-of-Authority Method
Any system has both drawbacks and advantages — so does PoA. According to the original PoA model, each trusted node can create a block, while it is technically impossible for ordinary users to interfere with the system operation. This makes PoA-based cryptocurrencies a lot more centralized than those based on PoW or PoS. This has always been the main reason for criticizing the PoA technology.
We understood that only a completely decentralized product could translate our vision of a "hard-to-hit", secure and transparent monetary instrument into reality. Therefore, we started with upgrading its basic operating principle in order to create a product that will incorporate all the best features while eliminating the defects. What we’ve got is a decentralized PoA method. We will try to explain at the elementary level:
- We've divided the nodes in the UMI network into two types: master nodes and validator nodes.
- Only master nodes have the right to create blocks and confirm transactions. Among master node holders there's the UMI team and their trusted partners from across the world. Moreover, we deliberately keep some of our partners — those who hold master nodes — in secret in order to secure ourselves against potential negative influence, manipulation, and threats from third parties. This way we ensure maximum coherent and reliable system operation.
- However, since the core idea behind a decentralized cryptocurrency rules out any kind of trust, the blockchain is secured to prevent master nodes from harming the network in the event of sabotage or collusion. It might happen to Bitcoin or other PoW- or PoS-based cryptocurrencies if, for example, several large mining pools unite and perform a 51% attack. But it can’t happen to UMI. First, the worst that bad faith master node holders can do is to negligibly slow down the network. But the UMI network will automatically respond to it by banning such nodes. Thus, master nodes will prevent any partner from doing intentional harm to the network. Moreover, it will not be able to do this, even if most other partners support it. Nothing — not even quantum computers — will help hackers. Read our post "UMI Blockchain Six-Level Security" for more details.
- A validator node can be launched by any participant. Validator nodes maintain the network by verifying the correctness of blocks and excluding the possibility of fakes. In doing so they increase the overall network security and help master nodes carry out their functions. More importantly, those who hold validator nodes control those who hold master nodes and confirm that the latter don't violate anything and comply with the rules. You can find more details about validator nodes in the article we mentioned above.
- Finally, the network allows all interested users to launch light nodes (SPV), which enables viewing and sending transactions without having to download the blockchain and maintain the network. With light nodes, any network user can make sure if the system is operating properly and doesn't have to download the blockchain to do this.
- In addition, we are developing the ability to protect the network in case 100% of the master nodes (10,000 master nodes in total) are "disabled" for some reason. Even this is virtually impossible, we've thought ahead and in the worst-case scenario, the system will automatically move to PoS. By doing so, it will be able to continue processing transactions. We're going to tell you about this in our next publications.
Thus, the UMI network uses an upgraded version of this technology which possesses all its advantages with drawbacks eliminated. This model is truly decentralized and maximum secured.
Another major drawback of PoA-based cryptos is no possibility to grant incentives to users. PoA doesn't imply forging or mining which allow users to earn cryptocurrency while generating new coins. No reward for maintaining the network is the main reason why the crypto community is not interested in PoA. This is, of course, unfair. With this in mind, the UMI team has found the best solution — the unique staking smart-contract. It allows you to increase the number of your coins up to 40% per month even with no mining or forging meaning the human factor cannot have a negative impact on the decentralization and network performance.
New-Generation Proof-of-Authority
The UMI network uses an upgraded version of PoA technology which possesses all its advantages with drawbacks virtually eliminated. This makes UMI a decentralized, easily scalable, and yet the most secure, productive, profitable and fair cryptocurrency, working for the sake of all people.
The widespread use of UMI can change most aspects of society in different areas, including production, commerce, logistics, and all financial arrangements. We are just beginning this journey and thrilled to have you with us. Let's change the world together!
Best regards, UMI Team!
submitted by UMITop to u/UMITop [link] [comments]

Weekly Crypto News — July, 13 (Bitcoin, Vechain, Visa, Binance, and other)

What important crypto events happened last week?

Regulation, Government, Mass Adoption

📌 Visa has posted a vacancy for blockchain developers. Potential employees will create decentralized applications. Visa requires experience with Ethereum, as well as the ability to work with the Bitcoin, Ripple, R3 blockchains and the Solidity programming language. Employees will be part of a team dedicated to creating innovative “non-card” payment products for Visa.
📌 Binance-backed blockchain hotel reservation service Travala has announced a partnership with Expedia, a US travel agency. Thanks to this, it will be possible to pay for rooms in 700,000 hotels from the company's catalog using Bitcoin.
📌 Bitcoin industry veteran, venture investor and billionaire Brock Pierce announced his intention to compete in the upcoming US presidential election. Pierce noted that he is going to the polls as an independent candidate. The campaign will be held under the slogan “Leadership. Experience. Values ”, but there is currently no specific program that Pierce intends to offer voters.
📌 Zap and Visa will release a payment card for Bitcoin payments. Jack Mullers, developer of the popular lightning wallet Zap Wallet, has announced the launch of Strike's open beta. With it, users will be able to make payments in Bitcoin through direct bank transfers.
📌 The Central Bank of Japan announced the start of testing the digital yen. According to the statement, at the first stage of testing, the bank intends to evaluate the possibility of launching the coin from a technical point of view and will consider the reliability of such a tool and its availability to the general public. Meanwhile, China is already in full swing testing digital yuan in 4 cities in such large networks as McDonald’s and Starbucks.
📌 The United States Internal Revenue Service (IRS) has launched an investigative pilot program that seeks to find tools to track various types of cryptocurrency transactions. These include private coin analysis software and second-tier protocols such as the Lightning Network. The tools will be used by investigators, who in their work face the need to unravel the movements of privacy-oriented cryptocurrency users.

Coins, Projects, Startups

📌 VeChain rose 73% amid a conference with Microsoft and Amazon. The market value of cryptocurrency has grown by 73% over the past five days, updating a two-year high. Thanks to this, the coin returned to the top 20 digital currencies by capitalization.
📌 Binance has announced the distribution of BinanceTurns3 collectible tokens, released in honor of the platform’s third birthday. BinanceTurns3 are non-fungible (NFT) tokens with unique properties. NFT has no practical use, but they can be bought and sold at auctions. The cost of previous Binance NFTs reaches several thousand dollars. The most expensive token was sold at the OpenSea marketplace for $5,000.
📌 The developers of the Ravencoin cryptocurrency recommended that miners activate an emergency update after a vulnerability was found. The bug resulted in excessive emission by Raven Coin attackers in excess of the established block reward of 5,000 RVN (~$91). User assets were not affected.

Blockchain, Mining

📌 Sino Global Capital CEO Matthew Graham announced the sale of Filecoin mining equipment (FIL) in China, which surprised the expert. In the Filecoin system, miners receive a reward for storing information, so Graham doubted the need for special equipment. The main network of the project has not yet been launched. Thomas Heller, F2Pool Mining Pool Global Business Director, confirmed that sales are made only in China.
📌 The head of Tesla and SpaceX, Elon Musk, a year later denied speculation about participating in the creation of solutions on Ethereum. In the crypto community, the entrepreneur was thought to participate in projects with ETH. In April 2019, Musk tweeted with the word “Ethereum”. Subsequently, he made a reservation that it was a joke. Elon Mask still considers Bitcoin the most reliable cryptocurrency, although he owns only 0.25 BTC.
That’s all for now! For more details follow us on Twitter, subscribe to our YouTube channel, join our Telegram.
submitted by CoinjoyAssistant to CryptoNews [link] [comments]

Weekly Crypto News — July, 13 (Bitcoin, Vechain, Visa, Binance, and other)

What important crypto events happened last week?

Regulation, Government, Mass Adoption

📌 Visa has posted a vacancy for blockchain developers. Potential employees will create decentralized applications. Visa requires experience with Ethereum, as well as the ability to work with the Bitcoin, Ripple, R3 blockchains and the Solidity programming language. Employees will be part of a team dedicated to creating innovative “non-card” payment products for Visa.
📌 Binance-backed blockchain hotel reservation service Travala has announced a partnership with Expedia, a US travel agency. Thanks to this, it will be possible to pay for rooms in 700,000 hotels from the company's catalog using Bitcoin.
📌 Bitcoin industry veteran, venture investor and billionaire Brock Pierce announced his intention to compete in the upcoming US presidential election. Pierce noted that he is going to the polls as an independent candidate. The campaign will be held under the slogan “Leadership. Experience. Values ”, but there is currently no specific program that Pierce intends to offer voters.
📌 Zap and Visa will release a payment card for Bitcoin payments. Jack Mullers, developer of the popular lightning wallet Zap Wallet, has announced the launch of Strike's open beta. With it, users will be able to make payments in Bitcoin through direct bank transfers.
📌 The Central Bank of Japan announced the start of testing the digital yen. According to the statement, at the first stage of testing, the bank intends to evaluate the possibility of launching the coin from a technical point of view and will consider the reliability of such a tool and its availability to the general public. Meanwhile, China is already in full swing testing digital yuan in 4 cities in such large networks as McDonald’s and Starbucks.
📌 The United States Internal Revenue Service (IRS) has launched an investigative pilot program that seeks to find tools to track various types of cryptocurrency transactions. These include private coin analysis software and second-tier protocols such as the Lightning Network. The tools will be used by investigators, who in their work face the need to unravel the movements of privacy-oriented cryptocurrency users.

Coins, Projects, Startups

📌 VeChain rose 73% amid a conference with Microsoft and Amazon. The market value of cryptocurrency has grown by 73% over the past five days, updating a two-year high. Thanks to this, the coin returned to the top 20 digital currencies by capitalization.
📌 Binance has announced the distribution of BinanceTurns3 collectible tokens, released in honor of the platform’s third birthday. BinanceTurns3 are non-fungible (NFT) tokens with unique properties. NFT has no practical use, but they can be bought and sold at auctions. The cost of previous Binance NFTs reaches several thousand dollars. The most expensive token was sold at the OpenSea marketplace for $5,000.
📌 The developers of the Ravencoin cryptocurrency recommended that miners activate an emergency update after a vulnerability was found. The bug resulted in excessive emission by Raven Coin attackers in excess of the established block reward of 5,000 RVN (~$91). User assets were not affected.

Blockchain, Mining

📌 Sino Global Capital CEO Matthew Graham announced the sale of Filecoin mining equipment (FIL) in China, which surprised the expert. In the Filecoin system, miners receive a reward for storing information, so Graham doubted the need for special equipment. The main network of the project has not yet been launched. Thomas Heller, F2Pool Mining Pool Global Business Director, confirmed that sales are made only in China.
📌 The head of Tesla and SpaceX, Elon Musk, a year later denied speculation about participating in the creation of solutions on Ethereum. In the crypto community, the entrepreneur was thought to participate in projects with ETH. In April 2019, Musk tweeted with the word “Ethereum”. Subsequently, he made a reservation that it was a joke. Elon Mask still considers Bitcoin the most reliable cryptocurrency, although he owns only 0.25 BTC.
That’s all for now! For more details follow us on Twitter, subscribe to our YouTube channel, join our Telegram.
submitted by CoinjoyAssistant to u/CoinjoyAssistant [link] [comments]

Weekly Crypto News — July, 13 (Bitcoin, Vechain, Visa, Binance, and other)

What important crypto events happened last week?

Regulation, Government, Mass Adoption

📌 Visa has posted a vacancy for blockchain developers. Potential employees will create decentralized applications. Visa requires experience with Ethereum, as well as the ability to work with the Bitcoin, Ripple, R3 blockchains and the Solidity programming language. Employees will be part of a team dedicated to creating innovative “non-card” payment products for Visa.
📌 Binance-backed blockchain hotel reservation service Travala has announced a partnership with Expedia, a US travel agency. Thanks to this, it will be possible to pay for rooms in 700,000 hotels from the company's catalog using Bitcoin.
📌 Bitcoin industry veteran, venture investor and billionaire Brock Pierce announced his intention to compete in the upcoming US presidential election. Pierce noted that he is going to the polls as an independent candidate. The campaign will be held under the slogan “Leadership. Experience. Values ”, but there is currently no specific program that Pierce intends to offer voters.
📌 Zap and Visa will release a payment card for Bitcoin payments. Jack Mullers, developer of the popular lightning wallet Zap Wallet, has announced the launch of Strike's open beta. With it, users will be able to make payments in Bitcoin through direct bank transfers.
📌 The Central Bank of Japan announced the start of testing the digital yen. According to the statement, at the first stage of testing, the bank intends to evaluate the possibility of launching the coin from a technical point of view and will consider the reliability of such a tool and its availability to the general public. Meanwhile, China is already in full swing testing digital yuan in 4 cities in such large networks as McDonald’s and Starbucks.
📌 The United States Internal Revenue Service (IRS) has launched an investigative pilot program that seeks to find tools to track various types of cryptocurrency transactions. These include private coin analysis software and second-tier protocols such as the Lightning Network. The tools will be used by investigators, who in their work face the need to unravel the movements of privacy-oriented cryptocurrency users.

Coins, Projects, Startups

📌 VeChain rose 73% amid a conference with Microsoft and Amazon. The market value of cryptocurrency has grown by 73% over the past five days, updating a two-year high. Thanks to this, the coin returned to the top 20 digital currencies by capitalization.
📌 Binance has announced the distribution of BinanceTurns3 collectible tokens, released in honor of the platform’s third birthday. BinanceTurns3 are non-fungible (NFT) tokens with unique properties. NFT has no practical use, but they can be bought and sold at auctions. The cost of previous Binance NFTs reaches several thousand dollars. The most expensive token was sold at the OpenSea marketplace for $5,000.
📌 The developers of the Ravencoin cryptocurrency recommended that miners activate an emergency update after a vulnerability was found. The bug resulted in excessive emission by Raven Coin attackers in excess of the established block reward of 5,000 RVN (~$91). User assets were not affected.

Blockchain, Mining

📌 Sino Global Capital CEO Matthew Graham announced the sale of Filecoin mining equipment (FIL) in China, which surprised the expert. In the Filecoin system, miners receive a reward for storing information, so Graham doubted the need for special equipment. The main network of the project has not yet been launched. Thomas Heller, F2Pool Mining Pool Global Business Director, confirmed that sales are made only in China.
📌 The head of Tesla and SpaceX, Elon Musk, a year later denied speculation about participating in the creation of solutions on Ethereum. In the crypto community, the entrepreneur was thought to participate in projects with ETH. In April 2019, Musk tweeted with the word “Ethereum”. Subsequently, he made a reservation that it was a joke. Elon Mask still considers Bitcoin the most reliable cryptocurrency, although he owns only 0.25 BTC.
That’s all for now! For more details follow us on Twitter, subscribe to our YouTube channel, join our Telegram.
submitted by CoinjoyAssistant to cryptonewswire [link] [comments]

Weekly Crypto News — July, 13 (Bitcoin, Vechain, Visa, Binance, and other)

What important crypto events happened last week?

Regulation, Government, Mass Adoption

📌 Visa has posted a vacancy for blockchain developers. Potential employees will create decentralized applications. Visa requires experience with Ethereum, as well as the ability to work with the Bitcoin, Ripple, R3 blockchains and the Solidity programming language. Employees will be part of a team dedicated to creating innovative “non-card” payment products for Visa.
📌 Binance-backed blockchain hotel reservation service Travala has announced a partnership with Expedia, a US travel agency. Thanks to this, it will be possible to pay for rooms in 700,000 hotels from the company's catalog using Bitcoin.
📌 Bitcoin industry veteran, venture investor and billionaire Brock Pierce announced his intention to compete in the upcoming US presidential election. Pierce noted that he is going to the polls as an independent candidate. The campaign will be held under the slogan “Leadership. Experience. Values ”, but there is currently no specific program that Pierce intends to offer voters.
📌 Zap and Visa will release a payment card for Bitcoin payments. Jack Mullers, developer of the popular lightning wallet Zap Wallet, has announced the launch of Strike's open beta. With it, users will be able to make payments in Bitcoin through direct bank transfers.
📌 The Central Bank of Japan announced the start of testing the digital yen. According to the statement, at the first stage of testing, the bank intends to evaluate the possibility of launching the coin from a technical point of view and will consider the reliability of such a tool and its availability to the general public. Meanwhile, China is already in full swing testing digital yuan in 4 cities in such large networks as McDonald’s and Starbucks.
📌 The United States Internal Revenue Service (IRS) has launched an investigative pilot program that seeks to find tools to track various types of cryptocurrency transactions. These include private coin analysis software and second-tier protocols such as the Lightning Network. The tools will be used by investigators, who in their work face the need to unravel the movements of privacy-oriented cryptocurrency users.

Coins, Projects, Startups

📌 VeChain rose 73% amid a conference with Microsoft and Amazon. The market value of cryptocurrency has grown by 73% over the past five days, updating a two-year high. Thanks to this, the coin returned to the top 20 digital currencies by capitalization.
📌 Binance has announced the distribution of BinanceTurns3 collectible tokens, released in honor of the platform’s third birthday. BinanceTurns3 are non-fungible (NFT) tokens with unique properties. NFT has no practical use, but they can be bought and sold at auctions. The cost of previous Binance NFTs reaches several thousand dollars. The most expensive token was sold at the OpenSea marketplace for $5,000.
📌 The developers of the Ravencoin cryptocurrency recommended that miners activate an emergency update after a vulnerability was found. The bug resulted in excessive emission by Raven Coin attackers in excess of the established block reward of 5,000 RVN (~$91). User assets were not affected.

Blockchain, Mining

📌 Sino Global Capital CEO Matthew Graham announced the sale of Filecoin mining equipment (FIL) in China, which surprised the expert. In the Filecoin system, miners receive a reward for storing information, so Graham doubted the need for special equipment. The main network of the project has not yet been launched. Thomas Heller, F2Pool Mining Pool Global Business Director, confirmed that sales are made only in China.
📌 The head of Tesla and SpaceX, Elon Musk, a year later denied speculation about participating in the creation of solutions on Ethereum. In the crypto community, the entrepreneur was thought to participate in projects with ETH. In April 2019, Musk tweeted with the word “Ethereum”. Subsequently, he made a reservation that it was a joke. Elon Mask still considers Bitcoin the most reliable cryptocurrency, although he owns only 0.25 BTC.
That’s all for now! For more details follow us on Twitter, subscribe to our YouTube channel, join our Telegram.
submitted by CoinjoyAssistant to CryptoNews24by7 [link] [comments]

Weekly Update — August 30, 2019

Dear Community,
After another exciting week at Ferrum, with the official listing of FRM on Binance DEX, enormous growth on the Social Mining platform in terms of users and quality content, we now invite you “under the hood” of this past week.
Ferrum Network Business Update
To start off, let’s shed some light on the business/marketing/operations side of Ferrum. Within the cryptocurrency space, a day feels like more than 24 hours and time zones are nonexistent. The constant demand for positive news can be challenging, especially in a down market. Nevertheless we remain focused on achieving our goals.
Exchanges
First, the Binance DEX listing on the 26th of August which means FRM tokens issued as BEP-2 tokens can be traded against BNB. We are proud to have achieved this less than a month after our ICO and foresee positive cooperation with Binance in the future.
Our next goal is to list on a 3rd exchange to truly match the current demand for trading options and liquidity. While the listing is confirmed, we are strategizing about the right moment to announce and list.
Social Mining
This industry can feel like a game of chess at times, make the wrong move and suddenly have an entire army of opponents lined up ready to strike. But make the right move, those opponents can change sides and join your team. All analogies aside, we keep a close ear to what our beloved community is saying and do as much as we can to meet and exceed their expectations.
As we’ve seen immense growth on our Social Mining platform, we are delighted to find that our community has been increasingly supporting us. We are nearing 2000 users on the platform and see the content improving every single day. Given the fact that we have 11 months of Social Mining left (with extension likely), it’s exciting to think of what lies ahead.
Ferrum Network Technical Update
We’d like to provide a technical update on he backend of Ferrum and the products within our ecosystem. In particular, we’ve seen demand for additional utility for the FRM token, and we have listened.
Staking Mechanism Preview
We’ve decided to release the staking mechanism that was originally meant for the UniFyre wallet ahead of schedule. Development that was originally planned to be start mid-September is now being actively worked on and progress has been made. Significantly, we wrote a smart contract with the possibility of flexible staking schemes on top of the Ethereum blockchain.
On the front end of the new staking mechanism, we’ll be releasing a straightforward web-based user interface similar to the Token Bridge so people can easily stake their FRM. Although a full featured staking mechanism will be available within the UniFyre Wallet, we’ve decided to release the staking mechanism early to meet current demand.
Token Bridge is Now Live in Both Directions
In addition, our Token Bridge can now swap BEP-2 tokens to ERC-20 tokens in both directions! This allows users to possess FRM in any form desired. Prefer to trade BNB against FRM on Binance Dex? BEP-2 tokens are your friend and you can swap the ERC-20 tokens as you please. If you prefer to trade on Bitmax.io or want to use your tokens for Social Mining, you can swap to ERC-20 token with ease.
We wanted to develop a token bridge that was easy as filling in a simple form and pressing a few buttons. Since many new projects currently follow the same structure of having multiple token-forms, token bridges will become more and more important. We take pride in creating a user-friendly option that can be customized for any project. As further means for increasing FRM utility, we are now actively exploring the idea of partnering with other projects interested in our token bridge.
Kudi Update
As the first product within the Ferrum Network, Kudi is our foothold on the ground. As most of our activities are focused on creating solid techniques and revolutionizing the way we see the financial system, an actual physical product on the ground is our way of creating real-world use cases for our network and utility for the token. The Kudi team has been working extremely hard ever since the launch of the product. While the product is available for both personal use and commercial use, recently the team has been working to increase awareness of Kudi.
Kudi Events and Partners
One way of creating that awareness is partnering up with the Bogobiri Hotel, where we will be hosting three nights of activities filled with arts, music and activities for the hotel’s guests. At the same time, we’ll be inviting potential customers and clients. Those who’ll use the Kudi Exchange when purchasing their tickets will receive a discount, thereby promoting the actual use of the application. Working with hotels was a conscious decision because Kudi’s features, such as instant money transfers, appeal directly to international travelers.
The presence during events across Nigeria is crucial to stimulating the brands’ awareness and user base. In order to stimulate this growth even more, Kudi has partnered with UNWIND Lagos. UNWIND is focusing on young professionals that are eager to be introduced to new techniques during the many networking events hosted by UNWIND. The true meaning and potential of this partnership has yet to be discovered, but it’s a fact that Kudi will be exposed to many possible clients!
In addition to creating more awareness, the developers have been working on upgrading the Kudi app. A lot will be offered with the new upgrade, including the reduction of fees and an exciting new feature that will truly turn your Kudi app into your own personal bank…
What’s Next for Kudi
The entire month of September is filled with networking events such as the previously mentioned Bogobiri Hotel event, The New Atlantic Trade Fair and a networking event in partnership with the Bombastic Lounge. These are all focused on user growth as we continue to improve the app itself.


https://preview.redd.it/8i39ua7fzuj31.png?width=986&format=png&auto=webp&s=ec8676d902d69c51c6beaaf7360de67a048d4219

In addition, the Kudi update is around the corner, which will offer new features and a new look and feel. The team is actively onboarding new customers every single day, while the product itself is developing and improving every single day.
Conclusion
It has been an extremely productive and exciting week. We are happy see more and more activity within our communities. In the near future we’ll be reaching out to local communities to arrange some AMA’s; we’ll be more active on media like Reddit, 4Chan and Bitcointalk to share Ferrum with each and everyone in this industry. We are building something unique, something worth sharing. We can do the building and sharing, but we can’t do it alone.
Join us today on the road to reach each and every goal we have set for ourselves, to the point where we set new goals and run even harder than we have been already!
Very truly yours,
Ferrum Network Team
P.S. from Ian — I want to thank the author of this update, Freek Caron, the leader of our Dutch community and top Social Miner. I think you’ll agree he did an excellent job!
Links:
Website: https://ferrum.network/
Telegram: http://telegram.ferrum.network
Twitter: http://twitter.ferrum.network
LinkedIn: http://linkedin.ferrum.network
YouTube: http://youtube.ferrum.network
Reddit: http://reddit.ferrum.network
Bitcoin Talk: http://bitcointalk.ferrum.network
Facebook: http://facebook.ferrum.network
Github: https://github.com/ferrumnet/
Instagram: http://instagram.ferrum.network
submitted by tentbobert to FerrumNetwork [link] [comments]

Why I'm into the Decred project

I have seen a few people asking questions and looking for the Niche that DCR could service or the reason why anyone would invest in Decred along side of Bitcoin, so I thought I would post my personal opinion and why I'm into the project.
1)I'm into crypto long term and first and foremost am interested in the store of value proposition put forward by these digital assets. I first got very heavily into Decred in the lead up to the BTC/BCH fork. At this time it became very clear to me that BTC has a serious issue with it's consensus algorithm.
When the miners in BTC did not agree, or reach a consensus, on the way to proceed (seg-wit or bigger blocks) there was a huge outcry from the BTC community of token holders to support Seg-wit and a User Activated Hard Fork movement started where holders and supporters of the Seg-wit protocol started hosting nodes that would reject any other "fork" this was a massive undertaking and ultimately we all know that BTC's network still factured.
I don't like the idea of a consensus algorithm which, in the absence of a consensus, simply splits to support several version of the protocol. I don't see a strong store of value in a token I buy today and ten years later I have 30+ versions of this token because of all the forking. That does not strike me as a solid store of value and Decreds inability to be forked this way played a huge part in my fundimental analysis of it's value proposition and I'm still very happy about this.
2) who funds development for other projects? Some have foundations that are funded by wealthy Donors or benefactors who's interests in development progress may or may not be in line with the interests of the average token holder within that network. Others have voluntary developers, and while I absolutely Respect people donating their time and skills to further open source projects, I have a hard time believing that volunteer work attracts the best talent or highest level of work available. Again I have a hard time understanding if the motivation of a volunteer development force is in line with the motivation of an average token holder or user of the protocol.
The funding model Decred has, where the network is self funded by it's block rewards, makes much more sense when you follow the money. The motivations of the development team are in line with the motivations of the project and the average user because the development team itself is paid in DCR, and the value of those units is contingent on quality development. on top of that the ability to vote on development directions through PI makes the process much more transparent than any other project that I have dove into. I know these systems are not yet running in there fully decentralized capacity but I do honestly believe that it is a matter of time.
3) Who actually controls the protocol that maintains the network? In bitcoin it’s the miners, miners don’t necessarily hold any BTC as they’re running a business to make a profit. If that profit margin can be improved by a protocol implementation that benefits mining at the cost of users paying high fees it’s entirely the mining communities prerogative to implement those changes. if the users don’t like it they could fork but risk losing a portion of the total hash rate to the fork that miners who prefer the higher fee structure continue to support.
if you had $1 million and wanted to secure some of that wealth into crypto currency assets, Would you not care that the asset which you now own a sizable financial stake in, is entirely outside of your influence? When I buy traditional equity assets, I have a degree of influence on them proportional to my share of ownership.
Decred solves this issue for me by giving control of validating PoW to the token holders participating in PoS voting. This ensures that I have a say and real, on chain, influence over the direction of the protocol directly proportionate to my stake in the network. I'm more likely to make decisions that benefit Decred holders because I am one.
In my opinion this model makes the most sense for a system who's goals are to be a decentralized store of value. Beyond that I could dare to imagine Decred existing as a decentralized digital state in the future, fully governed by it's stake holders and sovereign in every sense, but that's a dream.
TL;DR
I wanted to make a quick opinion post about why I like Decred.
These are my opinions:
1) it's a superior store of value network because it cannot be fractured into Oblivion through countless forks which both convolute the token space and weaken the network hash rate as a whole. 2) the funding for development in other projects is less than transparent and it's not clear if the interests of theses financiers are aligned with the interests of the respective communities and projects. 3) most store of value protocols are controlled by the miners who maintain them, those miners are not necessarily the token holders or users of the networks they maintain. I find it difficult to pitch a large investment into one of these networks to any institution or individual who wants a proportional share of influence in return for their financial stake. Decred does not have that issue as the stake holders validate the actions of the miners.
Once again these are just my opinions definitely tell me why I'm wrong or where I'm misunderstanding, I'm here to learn.
submitted by Somebody__Online to decred [link] [comments]

Cryptocurrencies and the circle of competence

A quick note to investors that believe the intrinsic value of bitcoin is 0 because they can't do a DCF on it: this isn't the place to argue with me about it. I suggest you read a bit more about what it actually is (hint: not a currency). I've defended its value in plenty of other posts on this sub. It's a $40+ billion market, so at least a few people agree with me. I welcome you to short the crypto of your choice if you think it's worth nothing. This is a post for folks that believe that cryptocurrencies have at least some discernible value and are considering investing in them.
If we have a strength, it is in recognizing when we are operating well within our circle of competence and when we are approaching the perimeter. – Warren Buffett
Given the tripling of the cryptocurrency market cap in the last few months and the 3- to 10-fold increases in virtually every major altcoin, cryptocurrencies like Ethereum and of course Bitcoin have been getting a stunning amount of attention in the press and on this subreddit recently.
If you follow the cryptocurrency world closely, you know that there have been a huge amount of dubious ICOs (initial coin offerings) on the market recently. It's an explosive time in crypto.
It's also a frustrating time for many long term bitcoiners and crypto fans, because we're faced with a barrage of questions from outsiders who see the returns and want to buy in to the "next big thing" and make a quick buck. This is a warning to those people.
Everyone is a genius is a rising market. It's hard to go wrong these days in crypto. Even coins of dubious merit like Ripple, Dogecoin, Stellar, NEM were pumped 5 times without any fundamental change. Speculators/investors have thrown money at crypto indiscriminately and efficient markets have 100% broken down. The altcoin pump right now is roughly comparable to the Dot Com crisis of the early 2000s.
  1. New tech promises to change the world
  2. Investors jump in on hype and promises
  3. A surge of IPOs (ICOs) occurs to capitalize on this
  4. "Greater fool" traders pile in, thinking they can make money even if the underlying is unsound
  5. Analysts claim "this time is different" while seasoned old hands refuse to participate
  6. Tech is proven not to be as developed as everyone thinks, market tanks
  7. Select few decent companies survive, all the trash is destroyed
  8. Tech eventually fulfills expectations, 10 years later, but none of the investors from the early days make money on it
However, canny (and skeptical) investors can still make money on crypto, as cryptocurrencies are inevitable, and will continue to expand and proliferate, even when the altcoin crash comes.
Something to realize first of all is that the crypto market is heterogeneous. It has straightforward cryptocurrencies (bitcoin, litecoin, dash, monero), smart-contract cryptos (ethereum, ethereum classic) and a whole bunch of crypto tokens that follow dedicated platforms (golem, augur, steem). Not mentioned are ripple and stellar because they aren't really cryptocurrencies at all.
The investing theses for all of these categories is radically different. The measure of success for a currency or store of value is adoption, merchant use, low volatility, a large network, and real world acceptance as something worth owning. Bitcoin has this right now, which is why it's more than 50% of the ecosystem, and none of its competitors are even close. Monero, Zcash, and Dash are a special case in that they try and make transactions anonymous and privacy, allowing for use cases on the darknet markets, for instance.
The tech underlying bitcoin is essentially sound, although it is having a scalability crisis, which you should read about. It can't right now serve as a currency which will buy you a cup of coffee - the transaction fees are too high. However if you want to send $200,000 from Mexico to Indonesia or China to the Philippines, you can do it within 20 minutes, and with fees of a few dollars. And if you want to store your wealth in a vault that is totally secure, and cannot be debased by a central bank, bitcoin is a good bet. This is highly relevant to folks in India that just had cash abolished, to Venezuelans, to Argentines, to Cypriots, to Nigerians, anywhere local currencies are weak and volatile. The potential value of a competing cryptocurrency lies in whether it can improve materially on bitcoin, whether it means incorporating off-chain scaling (segwit with litecoin), making it more private and fungible (monero), automating governance (decred), and so on.
Then there are cryptoassets that incorporate smart contracts. These – ethereum and its derivatives – exploded when the SEC denied the Bitcoin ETF back in march and bitcoiners got worried and started diversifying. This is the market segment that is highly risky, even by crypto standards, in my opinion. Ethereum is a protocol that allows contracts to self-enforce. Programming power to run the contracts is paid for with ethereum. Two parties agree to a contract, and it then self-executes. It's secured by a decentralized computing network of ethereum miners, so the contracts cannot be shut down by a government or corporation. It's pretty clever. Last year, a $150+ million contract was drawn up with ethereum, which would act like a venture capital fund, picking good investments just based on the votes of the token holders. This was called a Decentralized Autonomous Organization, and it was hacked before it could do anything. Well, it was exploited based on the code and so the exploit was totally "fair" given that the contract was meant to be inevitable, once agreed to. However, the creators of Ethereum didn't like the idea of losing $50 million, so they decided to collectively agree to amend the rules of the protocol itself (violating "Code is Law"), and jump onto a new one, which they would also call Ethereum, although it was really Ethereum 2.0. Some people got upset by this, because they thought that immutability and not arbitrarily rolling back the code was more important than some investors losing money because of poorly written code. They created Ethereum Classic, which is the original Ethereum chain. This wasn't what the Ethereum 2.0 folks thought would happen, but it did happen, so there are two competing Ethereum chains now.
Eventually, lots of decentralized apps were funded, via tokensales. A development team would say: "we're going to use ethereum to create a decentralized cloud computing/AI/prediction/gambling/timestamping/social media network." And then investors would buy the tokens, expecting that eventually the dev team would deliver, and the tokens would be in demand, since they would be required to use the network. It's a bit like buying in-game-currency when the game is announced, anticipating that the game would be wildly popular and you'd be able to sell it on later at a profit or acquire it cheaply to buy in-game items later on. However, many of us think that the promises are a bit extravagant, and that investors in these ICOs are probably going to lose money. The incentives aren't well aligned. Founders can just not deliver and run off with the money, and there's no regulatory body to enforce that. And for Ethereum more broadly, many people are worried that the turing-completeness of the language will mean it will face serious threats and unforeseeable hacks, like with the DAO. Finally, Ethereum has increased from around $20 to $90 in a matter of months, which raises the question of whether a) the market realized its true value or b) it was pumped on speculation. There's a huge set of unknowns with a smart contract currency, and virtually none of the promised dapps are up and running right now, and the ones that are haven't really attracted large userbases or delivered. This is because the tech is in its infancy, and the developers are still learning how to use it properly. So we won't know if these sorts of decentralized networks are even possible to create on the timelines that investors are expecting. Therefore, ethereum investors buying it on the promise of the realization of this tech in the near future are almost guaranteed to be disappointed. Additionally, ethereum is making the switch to the largely untested Proof of Stake algorithm, which will change incentives that secure the network. This brings me to my key point:
Stay within your circle of competence. You can grow your circle – slowly. Cryptoassets are almost impossibly complex to grasp with just a cursory look. Investing in them requires weeks of reading and a very skeptical view.
The above was an introduction to cryptocurrencies, the different ones on offer, and why investing in ethereum is not the slam dunk everyone thinks it is. This portion of the post will tell you about the kind of due diligence you need to do if you want to invest, rather than speculate, in crypto.
The first thing to mention is that passive investing in crypto has historically been a terrible strategy. Just buying bitcoin almost always outperformed. This was due to the poor set of altcoins, and the size of bitcoin's almost insurmountable network effect. This sort of changed in March and April when bitcoin's dominance went from 80% to ~50%, and it remains to be seen if this will persist or not. But the point is, buying the index is usually an awful strategy in crypto, particularly because there are so many truly awful projects out there.
So what does it take to invest responsibly in cryptocurrencies? It requires at least a basic understanding of three disciplines: public-private key cryptography; programming, and how open-source projects function; and economics, particularly game theory and the quantity theory of money. This is why is is so difficult to apprehend easily: because very few people actually boast a sincere understanding of these three topics. I certainly don't.
You need to be able to determine whether the tech is actually going anywhere, and whether the task the developers have set themselves is possible or realistic. You need to know how open source networks are governed, and which models strike the best balance between efficiency of decision-making and fair consensus. You need to be able to measure the inflation schedule of the cryptocurrency, and see whether your coins are going to inflated away. You need to be able to make plausible guesses about the potential market for the crypto and estimate future values. Note that the payoff structure is not equity-like. It's more like early stage venture capital, or buying loss-making biotech companies. Here's my checklist of questions to answer, ordered by importance:
  • Does the project offer a significant improvement over its nearest competitor, or a reasonable chance of success in its stated aim? Is there a demand for this project? Does it have a concise and reasonable goal? (Narrower goal: higher likelihood of success).
  • Is the development team competent? Are they committed to the coin? What's their track record? Is is an active dev team? Do they have a roadmap for the future? Are they transparent about goals?
  • How is the development team funded? Is the currency corporate-backed? Is the funding transparent? Was the coin significantly premined? (Usually bad) Are developers paid via iterative community project crowdfunding? (Usually good).
  • What is the governance structure of the currency? Who holds ultimate control over decisionmaking? How are decisions made? Are they transparent? Are mining/developer incentives aligned?
  • Does the asset have acceptance and use today? Does it have a functioning use case? If it doesn't, does it have a decent chance of being accepted?
  • Has the asset's "market cap" tripled or quintupled in the last few months? Was this based on any fundamental changes (new software releases, etc) or just speculation?
  • What are the transaction volumes like? (Hint: divide market cap by monthly averaged daily on-chain tx volume to find a consistent ratio) What's the ratio of on-chain transaction versus exchange speculation? Has price gone up independent of transaction volumes?
  • How long has the asset been around? Think of the Lindy effect. Older is usually better.
  • What's the community like? Is there censorship? Does it have an active subreddit? Do the developers answer questions? Are they accessible? How big is the github community? (Hint: you can divide market cap by github commits to find a comparable ratio).
  • Are you psychologically able to hold this coin in a 90% downturn? Is this a high conviction thesis or are you betting on being able to sell it to a greater fool?
How long did it take you to learn about investing in equities? Reading balance sheets, running DCF and DRI models, figuring out how to value a stock based on comparables? Years? How many mistakes did you make before you figured out how to be responsible?
Cryptos are an asset class that is both radically different from anything that has existed before. They are also incredibly heterogeneous, as I argued above. It also leads to cultism – so bitcoiners generally take a dim view of ethereum, and vice versa. Monero fans generally don't like dash, and so on. You have to keep your mind open to understand new opportunities as they arise, and to stop yourself becoming too mentally invested in your project of choice. The vast majority of projects will fail within 5 years, so becoming overly certain of the success of one will probably devastate you. If you can stay balanced, stay honest about your crypto's chances of success and adoption, not get tunnel vision, and not take overly risky positions, you have a good chance of not losing everything. Remember the payoff structure. Heavily rightward skewed. A ton of cryptos earn no return and a select few earn an absurd (1,000-10,000x) return.
None of this is necessary if you just want to invest randomly in one of the top ten cryptos. That's the strategy of 95% of investors today. Pick a coin and go. If it's not bitcoin, I can pretty much guarantee you'll lose money. The newer, the worse.
I've not made an effort to convince you that cryptos have intrinsic value. If you've made it this far, you probably think they're worth something at least. However, they're probably not worth as much as the market is pricing them at right now. Especially not those in the ethereum family. I'm not going to tell you what to invest in, because that would defeat the purpose of this post. I'm telling you to do your due diligence before blindly buying a crypto. And that due diligence on ethereum is as complex and difficult as Tesla or Amazon DD. And that your skills in equity valuation are pretty much useless in this asset class. My circle of competence doesn't extend to options or lean pork futures, so I don't touch those. I suggest that until you really feel comfortable in crypto, you don't buy randomly.
Summative thoughts:
  1. Investing in crypto is hard
  2. 90% of people that invest at market peaks will lose money
  3. You have to extremely skeptical and invest in high-conviction positions
  4. Cryptos are exhibiting bubbly behavior right now, it's a pretty bad time to pick one out
  5. Cryptos are nothing like equities but they do have real value
  6. Cryptos are the future, but almost none of these coins will survive 10 years
  7. The older the better
  8. Governance is key
  9. These are speculative positions, only invest what you can tolerate losing
  10. You can make money investing in cryptos
  11. Passively investing in cryptos doesn't work
  12. It's a winner takes most market, there won't be 1 crypto that wins. There will be different cryptos for different use cases.
edit: deleted chart with probabilities of success because of subjectivity and oversimplification.
edit2: I've been overwhelmed with PMs so bear with me. also, please forgive any spelling errors on this post. I wrote it in one frenzied sitting.
edit3: I knew I would get a fair amount of resistance from ethereum investors (even though I attempted to keep my post as balanced as possible) but I was unprepared from the breathtaking volume of spam and diversity of attacks. One particular user has made 30 comments in this thread. I don't have a stake in ETC, period. The post is 3000 words long and most of it is about how to properly do your due diligence in a crypto. if ethereum fares poorly by standard due diligence metrics, then perhaps your issue is deeper than one post on /investing.
final edit: there have been some broken-hearted ethereum fans very busy organizing brigades against this post, and attacking me personally, and so on. It's all very incovenient. I can tell that I struck a nerve. This post isn't really about ethereum - it's about how to do research in crypto, and why you can't expect to profit handsomely without that due diligence. I mentioned ethereum because there are 3 or 4 breathless posts on here a day about its stunning gains and whether it's worth investing in. My answer: read about it first, from a diverse set of sources. A final note: I do not own any ethereum classic, I have never owned ethereum classic. I brought it up because it is part of the ethereum story, and an example of what happens when you have a contested hard fork. I do hope that ethereum succeeds, I am just cautioning against over exuberance.
submitted by isrly_eder to investing [link] [comments]

[H] Bioshock: The Collection and Other Bundle Extras [W] Assassin's Creed: Origins

So, recently, my friend just gave me some extra games. I'm trying to trade a Bioshock: The Collection key and more if necessary for a AC:O key.
Loose Keys -

Bioshock: The Collection

Deponia: The Complete Collection

Bear With Me - Collector's Edition

Acceleration of SUGURI 2

Interplanetary: Enhanced Edition

Serial Cleaner

Cook, Serve, Delicious! 2!!

Forged Battalion

Pathologic Classic HD

Battle Chef Brigade

Zombie Night Terror

Figment

Hard Reset Redux

Arma: Gold Edition

A Story About My Uncle

The Darkside Detective

Region of Ruin

Teslagrad

The Count Lucanor

The Last Door

Lego: The Lord of the Rings

Lego: The Hobbit

Sins of a Solar Empire: Rebellion

Warhammer 40,000: Space Marine

Snail Racer EXTREME

3D Chess

Planetary Annihilation

Vertical Drop Heroes HD

Reveal

Bernackels' Shoggoth

Fortified

Congo Merc

Deadlight

The Surprising Adventures of Munchausen

Majesty 2 Collection

The Flame in the Flood

Satellite Reign

Else Heart.Break()

Shadowrun Returns

Egyptian Senet


Humble Gift Link -

Hearts of Iron IV

Clustertruck

Diaries of a Spaceport Janitor

The Final Station

Graveyard Keeper

Hello Neighbor

Party Hard

Party Hard 2

Party Hard: High Crimes

Punch Club

SpeedRunners

Streets of Rogue

Age of Wonders III

Black The Fall

Deadbeat Heroes

Goetia

Octahedron

The Turing Test

Assassin's Creed® Origins

I'm not a Monster

The Journey Down: Chapter Three

Monster Prom

Wandersong

11-11 Memories Retold

Impact Winter

Little Nightmares

PAC-MAN™ Championship Edition DX+

Project CARS

Genital Jousting

Highway Blossoms

Just Deserts

Purrfect Date

Sunrider Academy

Among the Sleep - Enhanced Edition

Dream Daddy: A Dad Dating Simulator

Getting Over It with Bennett Foddy

Tangledeep

Tangledeep Soundtrack

Tooth and Tail

Absolver

Dandara

MINIT

Mutant Year Zero: Road to Eden

Northgard

She Remembered Caterpillars

Steel Rats

Tannenberg

12 is Better Than 6

Alone With You

BLACKHOLE

Cook, Serve, Delicious!

Cook, Serve, Delicious! 2!!

Crashlands

Don't Sink

Kingsway

kuso

Rivals of Aether

Soft Body

Solstice

Way of the Passive Fist

Fight'N Rage

Late Shift

Paradigm

Slipstream

Tower Unite

Dear Esther: Landmark Edition

GoNNER

Headlander

Ken Follett's The Pillars of the Earth

Shadow Tactics: Blades of the Shogun

Treadnauts

Aaero

Bleed 2

Full Metal Furies

Rapture Rejects

Rock of Ages 2: Bigger and Boulder

Sniper Elite 3

Super Daryl Deluxe

Tom Clancy's The Division

Tom Clancy's The Division - Survival

Interplanetary: Enhanced Edition

Penarium

Sheltered

Worms Clan Wars

Animal Super Squad

Anomaly 2

Anomaly Defenders

Anomaly: Warzone Earth

Blacksmith

Blade & Bones

Board Battlefield

Clicker bAdventure

Cloudborn

Convoy

Cube Link

Deep Dungeons of Doom

Detective Case and Clown Bot in: Murder in the Hotel Lisbon

Don't Stand Out

Dungeon Escape

Fahrenheit: Indigo Prophecy Remastered

Flux8

Freaky Awesome

Grimm & Tonic

Guild Wars: Nightfall

GUILTY GEAR Xrd -SIGN-

Guns of Icarus Alliance Collector's Edition

Hackyzack

The Haunting of Billy

Hello Pollution!

Hyperdrive Massacre

Indecision.

Kabounce

Lakeview Cabin Collection

Last Encounter

Lost in the Dungeon

LOVE

Lucius Demake

Marvin's Mittens

Match Point

Mindball Play

No Time To Explain Remastered

Perfect Heist

Race The Sun

R-COIL

Road Doom

Slime-san

SPLASH BLAST PANIC

Splotches

Super Steampunk Pinball 2D

Sure Footing

Switchblade Starter Pack

Temple of Xiala

Throne of Lies The Online Game of Deceit

Tower 57

Tross

Unit 4

Wizorb

Zero G Arena

Colt Express

Fighting Fantasy Legends

Fighting Fantasy Legends Portal

King and Assassins

Kentucky Route Zero

RWBY: Grimm Eclipse

War for the Overworld + Heart of Gold DLC

Dead Island Definitive Edition

The Dwarves

Hard Reset Redux

Resident Evil Revelations

Sniper Elite

Sniper Elite V2

Gremlins, Inc.

Old Man's Journey

We Were Here Too

Pathfinder Adventures

Sentinels of the Multiverse

Sentinels of the Multiverse - Shattered Timelines

Carcassonne - Tiles & Tactics

Mysterium: A Psychic Clue Game

Talisman: Digital Edition

Ticket to Ride - Complete Bundle

Bioshock Remastered

Friday the 13th

How to Survive 2

Layers of Fear

Darksiders II: Deathinitive Edition

ETHEREAL

Forged Battalion

Kona

12 is Better than 6

Bear With Me - Collector's Edition

Dungeon of the Endless

Jalopy

NBA Playgrounds

Action Henk

JYDGE

Kingdom: New Lands

Shadowrun Returns

Laser League

Skullgirls

Holy Potatoes! We're In Space?!

Grand Theft Auto: Episodes from Liberty City

Grand Theft Auto III

Grand Theft Auto: Vice City

Fortune-499

Filthy, Stinking, Orcs

Sanctum 2

Grey Goo

Sorcerer King: Rivals


Green Man Gaming -

CRUSADER KINGS II

WARHAMMER END TIMES VERMINTIDE

INJUSTICE GODS AMONG US ULTIMATE

THE FLAME IN THE FLOOD

FROZEN SYNAPSE PRIME

BEAT COP

SUPER CLOUDBUILT

THE LITTLE ACRE

INSURGENCY

FEAR 3

DEAD AGE

MAGICKA

SERIAL CLEANER

FAHRENHEIT REMASTERED

OPERATION FLASHPOINT RED RIVER

ROCKET KNIGHT

CASTLEVANIA LORDS OF SHADOW ULTIMATE

LEGO BATMAN

PUZZLE CHRONICLES

RAGE

CASTLEVANIA LORDS OF SHADOW 2

CASTLEVANIA LORDS OF SHADOW MIRROR FATE

QUARANTINE

EVIL GENIUS

METAL GEAR RISING

BIOZONE

ADR1FT

METAL GEAR SOLID V GROUND ZEROES


Fanatical -

Antiquia Lost

Forward to the Sky

Shuyan Saga

Steel Vampire

Strikey Sisters

XBlaze Code: Embryo

Arcana Heart 3 LOVE MAX!!!!

Guilty Gear Isuka

Guilty Gear X2 #Reload

INFERNO CLIMBER

UNDER NIGHT IN-BIRTH Exe:Late

Asura: Vengeance Expansion

Fantasy Versus

Lifeless Planet Premier Edition

Masquerada: Songs and Shadows

Oriental Empires

Republique

Smoke and Sacrifice

Snake Pass

Tracks - The Train Set Game

Ziggurat

BEEP

DRAGON: A Game About a Dragon

Destiny Warriors RPG

Gun Rocket

Labyronia RPG

Labyronia RPG 2

LocoSoccer

Out There Somewhere

Storm of Spears RPG

Subterra

Sun Blast: Star Fighter

The Odyssey: Winds of Athena

Three Heroes

Tiny Bridge: Ratventure

Crouching Pony Hidden Dragon

GAUGE

HeartZ: Co-Hope Puzzles

Isbarah

Poöf

Puddle

Replay - VHS is not dead

Wooden Sen'SeY

House of Caravan

Cultures Northland

Splatter Zombie Apocalypse

Squirbs

Learn Japanese to survive Hiragana Battle

Airscape The Fall of Gravity

Revolution Ace

Labyronia RPG

PARTICLE MACE

Cultures 8th Wonder of the World

Anima Gate of Memories

GIBZ

Narcosis

Old Man's Journey

Project Highrise

SEUM: Speedrunners from Hell

STAR WARS Jedi Knight - Jedi Academy

STAR WARS Jedi Knight II - Jedi Outcast

The Low Road

The Spatials

Dex

Figment

Hive Jump

Jalopy

Miasmata

PewDiePie: Legend of the Brofist

Sky Break

THE KING OF FIGHTERS XIII STEAM EDITION

Blades of Time Limited Edition

Blood Knights

Demonicon

Drakensang

Etherlords I & II

GemCraft - Chasing Shadows

Heroes of Annihilated Empires

Inquisitor

Knights and Merchants

Lichdom: Battlemage

Numen: Contest of Heroes

Rune Classic

Sudeki

Two Worlds II: Velvet Edition

Wizardry 6&7

Asteroid Bounty Hunter

Charlie's Adventure

Cube Runner

Duke of Alpha Centauri

Fly and Destroy

Hungry Flame

Neon Space

Neon Space 2

ShipLord

Slash It

Slash It 2

Spin Rush

Survive in Space

Upside Down

Distant Worlds: Universe

Heavy Burger

Heroes of the Monkey Tavern

I am not a Monster

Learn Japanese to survive Hiragana Battle

SimplePlanes

Sword Legacy Omen

Throught the Woods

White Night

Moero Chronicle

Moero Chronicle - Deluxe Pack DLC

35MM

Band of Defenders

Deadlight

Distrust

Killing Room

March of the Living

Savage Lands

Tharsis

This Strange Realm of Mine

Valnir Rok Survival RPG

Dreamscapes: The Sandman - Premium Edition

Dreamscapes: Nightmare's Heir - Premium Edition

Sea Legends: Phantasmal Light Collector's Edition

Witch's Pranks: Frog's Fortune Collector's Edition

Kingdom of Aurelia: Mystery of the Poisoned Dagger

Taken Souls: Blood Ritual Collector's Edition

Silver Tale

A Plot Story

Hexus

Jane Angel: Templar Mystery

Dream Walker

Witch's Tales

Escape Doodland

Mad Dream: Coma

Earthworms

Clinically Dead

Mech Rage

Camper Jumper Simulator

ESport Manager

Darkest Hunters

The Sexy Brutale

Beholder

The Last Door - Collector's Edition

The Last Door: Season 2 - Collector's Edition

Cognition: An Erica Reed Thriller

System Shock: Enhanced Edition

System Shock 2

Metal Fatigue

Spirits of Xanadu

Shadow Man

I Have No Mouth, and I Must Scream

Homeworld Remastered Collection

Tales from Candlekeep: Tomb of Annihilation

PAYDAY 2

Jalopy

Hover

Figment

Subterrain

STARWHAL

Scribblenauts Unmasked: A DC Comics Adventure

Joggernauts

The Long Reach

Mainlining

Coffin Dodgers

The Rivers of Alice - Extended Version

Zombie Kill of the Week - Reborn

The Walking Vegetables

Unbox: Newbie's Adventure

System Shock: Enhanced Edition

UNLOVED

Killing Room

Sir, You Are Being Hunted

Styx: Shards of Darkness

STAR WARS - Knights of the Old Republic

STAR WARS Knights of the Old Republic II - The Sith Lords

Shadowrun: Hong Kong - Extended Edition

SimCity™ 4 Deluxe Edition

STAR WARS™ - The Force Unleashed™ Ultimate Sith Edition

METAL SLUG X

Oxenfree

Galactic Civilizations II: Ultimate Edition

Sins of a Solar Empire: Trinity

Fallen Enchantress: Legendary Heroes

The Political Machine 2016

The Corporate Machine

Sorcerer King: Rivals

Demigod

Go! Go! Nippon! ~My First Trip to Japan~

March of the Living

Four Sided Fantasy

Dungeon Rushers

The Invisible Hours

Dead Secret

The Free Ones

HIVESWAP: Act 1

Castle of no Escape 2

Galactic Lords

W4RR-i/o-RS

Nogibator: Way Of Legs

WN - ShP

Fairy Lands: Rinka and the Fairy Gems

Drill Arena

Walhall

Er-Spectro

Risky Rescue

Frederic: Evil Strikes Back

16bit Trader

Midnight Mysteries

Midnight Mysteries 4: Haunted Houdini

Zombie Bowl-o-Rama

Little Farm

Silver Knight

ANKI

Lift It

3 Coins At School

Deep Eclipse: New Space Odyssey

Green Ranch

The lost joystick

UBERMOSH Vol. 5

Trip to Vinelands

TTV2

SWARMRIDER OMEGA

UBERMOSH

UBERMOSH:BLACK

UBERMOSH Vol.3

Iesabel

Daemonsgate

Chamber of the Sci-Mutant Priestess

Spiritual Warfare & Wisdom Tree Collection

Prophecy I - The Viking Child

Drakkhen

Hostage: Rescue Mission

King's Table - The Legend of Ragnarok

Eternam

Chaos Control

Bubble Ghost

Mystical

Alien Rampage

Frederic: Resurrection of Music

Teddy Floppy Ear - Mountain Adventure

Teddy Floppy Ear - Kayaking

Millie

Sparkle 2 Evo

Story of the Survivor

SharpShooter3D

Goodbye My King

Watch This!

Crazy Oafish Ultra Blocks: Big Sale

Crystal City

Bloody Boobs

AuroraRL

Dispatcher

Casino Noir

Detective Noir

Reptilians Must Die!

The Braves & Bows

Zzzz-Zzzz-Zzzz

The Dweller

Surfingers

Timberman

Sparkle 3 Genesis

Cat on a Diet

Zombillie

Asteroid Bounty Hunter

ShipLord

Neon Prism

Slash It

Slash It 2

Cube Runner

Upside Down

Spin Rush

Neon Space

Neon Space 2

Duke of Alpha Centauri

Hungry Flame

Survive in Space

Fly and Destroy

Charlie's Adventure

Luxor Evolved

Luxor: Amun Rising HD

LUXOR: Mah Jong

Luxor: Quest for the Afterlife

Samantha Swift and the Hidden Roses of Athena

Red Risk

Particula

Overcast - Walden and the Werewolf

OutDrive

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submitted by MystRChaos to SteamGameSwap [link] [comments]

The phoenix will rise out of the ashes...

I personally believe China is behind most of the market manipulation, buying BTC from all of the local Chinese miners (while profitable to mine) and OTC (which had seen a massive influx of orders over the past few months) and dumping in synchronized fashion, all while shorting bitcoin.... until the right time... and they will strike HARD and the phoenix will rise out of the ashes. Once the time is right the Chinese will have their on-ramps open and powered by VeVid / KYC and all while giving the red swarm an hedge to get in low and profit... by closing crypto currencies China had protected their people from overvaluation and scammy ICOs .... when the market will be at the bottom the chosen people will have their time to shine! When the people prosper the country will flourish. China is very bullish on Blockchain and a consortium blockchain is just a fancy DB, they know this and need a truly public blockchain to serve their interests.
We know trillions of transactions are coming, VeThor will give power to the people and the non-believers will be burned by the heat of the rising phoenix!
If you think CCK is just some random dude, you are in the wrong space! and while Sunny does not know who CCK is, I am sure he knows which marketing firm he works for.
I also believe that most partners have not purchased their Authority node tokens yet, I believe there will be a coordinated purchase of $VET when the time is right, allowing enterprise partners to accumulate VET at the lowest possible price... and when the foundation begins placing market orders on behalf of their very close partners and minority stake holders, it will be coordinated to push the phoenix to the top of CMC.
You may be wondering, why would VeChain care so much about the flippenning of VET over Eth, and you may be thinking its because of the price, so all the investors of VET will make money.... it's not! By pushing $VET to the top it will produce validation to the true worth of Blockchain-X, it will create a mass hysteria for existing dApp to move over to Blockchain-X, YouTubers speaking of VeChain (as they do today on Eth) CNBC covering VeChain in their daily news... an ocean of value... to deliver on the grand scheme of One-Chain; the goal of market domination.
Sunny was asked if WaltonChain is a competitor, Sunny laughed and said, "We don't have a competitor, we are coming after Eth", you have to see the bigger picture!
The market is down and will continue and drop until 1:100 split occurs, the mainnet is up and the on-ramps have been established. Once everything is in line, you better brace yourself becuse this will be the biggest opportuniuty of your life time. While BTC rose in value by introducing the world to digital value, Eth rose in value from ICOs, NEO from rebranding, XRP from banking partnerships... VeChain will rise from a coordinated, genius business strategy that will be followed with mass adoption using the world's most powerful blockchain, one that will first empower enterprise businesses but will continue to grow from a flood of dApps moving from Eth and eventually penetrate legacy businesses by integrating non blockchain solutions looking to on-ramp into decentralization (Esprezzo) , save them money and create trust where non existed prior... all via the ability to transfer value using smart apps and blockchain tools and services.
Could I be wrong, absolutely, but this truly what I believe, DYOR and maybe you will connect the dots... time will tell!
submitted by born2net4 to Vechain [link] [comments]

Debunked: "Fractional reserve banking is fully prevented in the Lightning Network, because it's decentralized just like Bitcoin. There's no way to inflate the money supply in the second layer, since all transactions are backed by real bitcoins."

I will here for purposes of making no exaggeration present an especially drawn out scenario dealing with game theoretical factors rather than code and that would be impossible to time or predict perfectly. As such it could take possibly a decade or even generations to complete, or it might just never happen. Other scenarios might be equally possible, but would instead depend on unknown factors and perhaps happen in a much shorter time. These will not be dealt with in this post.
The example provided is only meant to get you thinking about the limitations and systematic risks themselves in the network, that indeed can not rule out and will compared to the network design provided by Satoshi instead actually tend to help efforts such as introducing inflation if this is popular with key players in the network. It is not to conclude that somehow I have thought of every way in which the system could suffer, or that I am Nostradamus making a prediction of absolute and certain disaster. Instead it focuses on the game theoretical problems of irreconcilability.
This also isn't a post against the Lightning Network as such, because if well implemented it could still turn out to have great use cases and there's then nothing preventing different chains from adopting it for those use case in particular. Now on to the post.
Some refer to the Lightning Network trading of bitcoins as in a sense "trading unforgeable certificates of gold, that can't ever have their redeemability taken away". This certainly seems to be the case from a coding and cryptology perspective. It becomes an especially convincing perspective of course, when the remaining Bitcoin Core developers argue in favor of and actually do choose to effectively eliminate various cash attributes for the "coin" (now even unable to do secure 0-conf transactions and instead having to wait on average 10 minutes per transaction) that trades under the BTC ticker and it still seemingly getting along happily in the markets. But as soon as we take economics and system security into account we notice that it's actually not quite so simple.
Bitcoin alone will always be susceptible to some attacks of course (this is not really possible to avoid with any system) and in a worst case scenario a majority of the community would actually be convinced to abandon the fundamental principles described in the systems design paper for an inferior replacement.
This would radically reduce both the actual economy and the perceived utility of the old network, most likely leading to a rapid drop in the global market price for the coins held by those community members still wanting to transact by the old means. Simultaneously, it could still potentially generate a handsome profit for those wanting nothing to do with the old system and hence selling their coins on the global market before the older coin had a chance to grind its way back into recovery.
As long as Proof-of-Work is kept, the users of the Lightning Network will always suffer the same risk in this regard as the users trading bitcoins directly on the Bitcoin Network. If they switch to a non-PoW model, they will immediately face other issues. But they will also have to deal with any other potential risks introduced by the system design of the Lightning Network itself.
It is true that all coins or "certificates" on the Lightning Network piggy back of the Bitcoin Networks security provided by hashing nodes and are economically speaking also "backed" by real bitcoins. The only reason taking away the peg in fact at some point in fact might work, is that the LN transactions are not themselves actual Bitcoin transactions in the process of being settled on the chain. They are not 0-conf transactions held in the many mempools of nodes on the Bitcoin Network, subject to the "first seen" rule or and currently waiting to be timestamped by inclusion in block. As soon as they are, this is less of a problem.
But the plan with regard to the Lightning Network is to popularize these "second layer" transactions as regular transactions in order to reduce the total number of transactions made on the Bitcoin blockchain and reduce the recourse requirements of running nodes, potentially letting them happen very rarely, take a very long time or even to actually have users never perceive a need to settle them.
Considering the practical topology of how the more high profile "nodes", "hubs" or "more popular users" with greater than average connectivity and liquidity in the otherwise generally "decentralized" network have so far, and indeed must be expected to organically accumulate -- by merit of those choosing the routes and connections they themselves perceive to be the best, given their particular taste in all of the other individual users or businesses on the LN network and the relative liquidity that they provide for making a particular sought after transaction --, we can conclude that they have per these traits a greater economic influence then the rest that have chosen to depend on their reliability. We are not here concerned with making any sort of typical ethical condemnation of size or of having money, so we would not be interested in this if it weren't for the fact that introduces the same local potential failure points that are the key to centralization. The economy will therefore be susceptible to many of the same pitfalls as the old old economy that had preceded Bitcoin as it had been properly known per Satoshis design in the first place.
Because of the users flocking to the previous mentioned "hubs" that provide greater liquidity, lower fees or help connect them better to the rest of the network, the precise routing of the system becomes a source of constraint. Users can no longer connect to just any node in the network and there is no way other than preferring the already largest hubs to as objectively as possible judge the incentives and the reliability of the nodes involved. Such measurement also never gives any guarantee whatsoever that the node you prefer and depend on will always remain available all the minutes of the day, every day, -- nor could the operator ever guarantee such a thing -- how likely it is to disappear in the event of financial turmoil or what happens if a government takes action against the operator for any number of reasons that need not have anything to do with the individual operator himself or his company in question.
Because of this remaining element of risk, a certain need for trust spreads throughout the system. An algorithm that instead determines the route used by the individual user in a very careful way, can make a trade-off between such risk and benefit, which would help mitigate some of the risk and maximize benefit per a certain formula. But the fundamental problem doesn't change or disappear.
Because of their importance in the ecosystem, hubs can now use it as leverage in upcoming board meetings about how Bitcoin should grow as a payment-/settlement system and what changes or other perceived improvements are necessary to make. Their combined influence, if they are many and diverse, may be significantly mitigated and will especially meet initial resistance from node operators (solo-miners and pools) in the Bitcoin Network itself on key topics. But as long as the miners are happy, the Lightning Network or any other second layer can operate as they wish. This can be the case with or without the changed incentives that some specific code changes along the way might bring. There is also no guarantee that there will not be significant overlap between these two groups over time.
As we have seen throughout history, gold backed currencies rarely survive for long before a central entity controls and manipulates them. Not even gold trade itself is entirely without its scammers and where no alternative is allowed, manipulation still takes place from the top. It would be easy for the greater beneficiaries of the Lightning Network to honestly but mistakenly conclude that it is the best possible system and that making transactions on the Bitcoin Network is actually unnecessary for anyone but the miners. Striking a deal with the miners, that let miners keep their transaction fees or even increase them by making transactions possible on a less regular basis, they can safeguard the survival of their own system, increase their own influence and more aggressively at this point push almost any agenda that they'd like as long as miners do not interfere.
Users that dissent with the policies of the Lightning Network can't merely take their money out of the system. They will have to trust that settlement is still possible or that a greater fool, that's so far using a different cryptocurrency, willingly takes their place.
If transactions on the Bitcoin network are still somewhat reliable, economic activity can happen there instead of the Lightning Network. But it will only do so if there are actually bitcoins left un-pegged and held by enough users that are doing business on it.
In our case The Lightning Network itself might already have become considered the primary space where exchange of bitcoin and as such "bitcoin transactions" takes place -- even though what trade hands are actually the certificates -- making certificates the default means of exchange within the community economy. Interest in regular Bitcoin transactions might be low due to impracticality alone or also ignorance and standing alone is not so easy.
As long as there then is still some monetary value to the "bitcoin backed" notes being produced by the Lightning Network, it is not a long shot that those disagreeing will largely have left and that economic policy can be more fundamentally change through political persuasion, not to mention propaganda. It would not matter much if the devalued "bitcoins" were produced as real bitcoins would by the miners, whom would have the power to lift the 21 million limit, or in the form of fractional reserve fiat on the Lightning Network itself which could be implemented by developers working for the most popular hubs. The currency could be equally distributed throughout the entire network, but in either case the bulk of the money would be most likely to end up with the hubs themselves, who could then mercifully distribute it "fairly" to the rest of the ecosystem.
Miners would eventually want their share of course, but no other party would have any practical way of stopping inflation and even if the miners decided to reduce congestion it is not clear that it would be possible for neither them or users to resurrect the network without great struggles.
It would of course not ever be entirely unfeasible to see an economic exodus through open source means similar to how Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies are being used today, early on or much later, such as through establishing a copy of the blockchain. But even if this happens, the event here described would, again, already have significantly damaged the economy and the market value of the new competing currency would initially likely be nowhere near the currency by this time still widely known by the Lightning Network participants and also many outsiders as "bitcoins".
Finally; If you are trading cryptocurrency to make a short term profit, none of this might interest you that much. You are looking at current sentiment and expectations, not necessarily the technology behind it.
But if you truly are in this for the long run and have other motivations, such as saving, continuous spending or, more than anything, if you want to support the bootstrapping of a revolutionary global financial network that potentially could bring freedom and a raised standard of living to millions by preventing systematic exploitation, then you should care about system design, long term viability and therefore also any potential pitfalls even of the most popular and supposedly "decentralized" networks.
submitted by fruitsofknowledge to btc [link] [comments]

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Top-20 altcoins have had a steady 24 hours of trading, with Ethereum up 1% and XRP up 2%. Crypto.com Coin is the day’s biggest loser with an 11% drop. Top Stories for October 19, 2020 🔥 👉 Filecoin Miners Go On Strike To Protest Economic Model. Filecoin miners have gone on strike just a day after the network’s mainnet launch, in protest of its economic model. The current model ... As can be seen above, the daily power growth for many top miners is currently 0 as they have simply stopped adding more capacity. Whilst this was happening, despite the fact that all coins are supposedly ‘vested for a minimum of 6 months to 6 years’ for team tokens, $1.5 million was sent to the likes of Huobi and OKex. Filecoin, a decentralized storage network launched by Protocol Labs, got off to a tough start after a miners’ strike. The situation follows the highly anticipated launch of the miannet on October 15th.. According to a report by 8btc.com, the five biggest miners shut down their engines to protest an “unfair” mission finance mockup requiring many FIL tokens to start mining. The report revealed that Zhihu Cloud, one of the top five Filecoin miners, also joined the strike. It operates over 8,000 InterPlanetary File System (IPFS) mining machines. However, due to the protests, the miner only kept 276 mining machines operational on Saturday. The other four large miners also generated less power on the network, the report added. ‘Very complex’ Filecoin in trouble as miners go on strike 24 hours after launch; Big Bitcoin prediction, OKEx spooks markets, Ripple exec’s crippling mistake: Hodler’s Digest, Oct. 12–18 ; IOTA announces new updates ahead of Chrysalis Phase 2; Litecoin long-term Price Analysis: 18 October; Does high velocity mean high prices for Bitcoin? Top 5 cryptocurrencies to watch this week: BTC ...

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